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Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChR) belong to a family of proteins that form ligand-gated transmembrane ion channels. They are involved in the fast transmission of signals between cells and the control of intercellular communication in the nervous system. A variety of therapeutic agents and abused drugs, including cocaine, inhibit the AChR and(More)
The nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) controls signal transmission between cells in the nervous system. Abused drugs such as cocaine inhibit this receptor. Transient kinetic investigations indicate that inhibitors decrease the channel-opening equilibrium constant [Hess, G. P. & Grewer, C. (1998) Methods Enzymol. 291, 443-473]. Can compounds be found(More)
The mechanism of inhibition of the muscle nicotinic acetylcholine receptor is of interest because of the many drugs which are known to modify its function. The laser-pulse photolysis technique, using a photolabile, biologically inert ligand (caged carbamoylcholine) for the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor, and BC3H1 cells have been used to investigate the(More)
Extensive chemical kinetic measurements of acetylcholine receptor-controlled ion translocation in membrane vesicles isolated from the electroplax of Electrophorus electricus have led to the proposal of a minimum model which accounts for the activation, desensitization, and voltage-dependent inhibition of the receptor by acetylcholine, suberyldicholine, and(More)
Recent studies have provided evidence for a role of protein phosphorylation in the regulation of the function of various potassium and calcium channels (for reviews, see refs 1, 2). As these ion channels have not yet been isolated and characterized, it has not been possible to determine whether phosphorylation of the ion channels themselves alters their(More)
The 5-HT(3) serotonin receptor plays an important role in regulating communication between cells in the central and peripheral nervous systems. It is the target of many different therapeutic agents and abused drugs. A rapid chemical kinetic method with a time resolution of 10 ms in combination with the whole-cell current-recording technique was employed to(More)
The amino acid L-glutamate is a major neurotransmitter at excitatory synapses within the central nervous system. Neuronal responses to glutamate are mediated by at least three receptor types, one of which is the NMDA subtype, named for its specific ligand N-methyl-D-aspartic acid. Neurotransmitter receptors are transmembrane proteins that can form ion(More)
The gamma-aminobutyric acid(A) (GABA(A)) receptor, a major inhibitory neurotransmitter receptor, belongs to a family of membrane-bound proteins that regulate signal transmission between approximately 10(12) cells of the nervous system. It plays a major role in many neurological disorders, including epilepsy. It is the target of many pharmacological agents,(More)
Rapid chemical reaction techniques play an important role in unraveling the mechanism of reactions mediated by soluble proteins, including enzymes involved in the regulation of intracellular processes and the biosynthesis of proteins and nucleic acids. Regulatory proteins change conformation rapidly and must, therefore, be studied in the(More)
The malfunction of a mutated GABA(A) receptor (alpha1beta2gamma2L(K289M)) in an inheritable form of epilepsy (GEFS+, generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus) in humans [Baulac, S., Huberfeld, G., Gourfinkel-An, I., Mitropoulou, G., Beranger, A., Prud'homme, J. F., Baulac, M., Brice, A., Bruzzone, R., and LeGuern, E. (2001) Nat. Genet. 28, 46-48] has(More)