George P. Abraham

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OBJECTIVE This study explored the relative efficacy of three different doses of clozapine. METHOD Fifty patients who met Kane et al.'s criteria for treatment-refractory schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder were studied. All subjects were randomly assigned to 100, 300, or 600 mg/day of clozapine for 16 weeks of double-blind treatment. Forty-eight(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to prospectively examine differential effects of sustained "high" and "low" serum prolactin levels on bone mineral density and peripheral markers of bone metabolism. METHOD A dual-energy X-ray absorptiometer was used to measure bone mineral density. Peripheral markers of bone formation and resorption were used to measure(More)
BACKGROUND Akathisia has been reported to predict more severe symptoms and poorer treatment response to typical neuroleptics among patients with schizophrenia. Akathisia has also been associated with symptom exacerbation. This study addressed four questions: 1) Does akathisia predict greater severity in global psychopathology? 2) Is this effect global or(More)
INTRODUCTION We studied the feasibility of ex-vivo nephron-sparing surgery and autotransplantation for complex renal tumours. We also studied the role of laparoscopy in these situations. METHODS All patients who underwent renal autotransplantation for renal tumour at our centre were included in this retrospective study. Patient profiles were recorded in(More)
Patients with chronic schizophrenia suffer from alterations in cholinergic functioning due to several factors, including the disease diathesis and pharmacologic treatments. Acetylcholine-cognition relationships are well explored in normals but are unclear in schizophrenia. Prior work indicated serum anticholinergicity does not cause global cognitive(More)
BACKGROUND A potential beneficial outcome of treatment with certain of the atypical neuroleptics is the reduced risk of cognitive impairment, stemming from purported low affinity for cholinergic receptors. In vitro experiments have shown that clozapine is highly anticholinergic and risperidone is minimally so. In vivo tests of the anticholinergic burden(More)
A retrocaval ureter is a rare congenital cause of upper ureteric obstruction that results from entrapment of the upper ureter by the inferior vena cava (IVC) as it courses posterior to the cava. We report an interesting scenario of upper ureteric obstruction secondary to entrapment between twin segments of IVC.