George Orinda

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Susceptibility of African buffalo, eland, waterbuck, N'Dama and Boran cattle to sequential Glossina morsitans centralis-transmitted infections of Trypanosoma congolense, T. brucei brucei and T. vivax was compared, and their possible role as reservoirs of these parasites for G. moristans centralis, G. pallidipes, G. austeni, G. brevipalpis and G. longipennis(More)
Studies were undertaken to determine whether human interferon alpha (HuIFN-alpha) administered orally could inhibit the development of clinical disease caused by the intraerythrocytic protozoan Babesia bigemina and the intraerythrocytic rickettsia Anaplasma marginale in cattle. HuIFN-alpha did not inhibit intraerythrocytic multiplication of either of the(More)
Sera from cattle infected with Babesia bovis were found to contain antibodies to phosphatidyl-serine (PS), a negatively charged phospholipid normally found on the internal membrane of erythrocytes. In contrast, no autoantibodies were detected following Babesia bigemina infection indicating that the autoimmunity is not genus specific. During infection with(More)
Theileria-free waterbuck (Kobus defassa) born in captivity were successfully infected with Theileria parva sporozoites derived from ticks infected by feeding on African buffalo (Syncerus caffer). All waterbuck underwent mild infections with the development of sporadic schizont and piroplasm parasitosis when inoculated with sporozoite doses lethal to cattle.(More)
Studies were undertaken to determine whether treatments with low doses of natural human interferon alpha (HuIFN-alpha) administered by various routes could inhibit the development of the intra-erythrocytic protozoan Babesia microti in BALB/c mice. HuIFN-alpha treatment given intramuscularly significantly inhibited development of the parasitaemia of the(More)
The immune response to Babesia bovis infection or vaccination was evaluated by measuring antibody and interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) production to protective recombinant and crude native B. bovis antigens. Cells from vaccinated or infected cattle failed to produce detectable IFN-gamma when stimulated with B. bovis antigens in vitro. In contrast, antibody was(More)
Antigenic and immunogenic activities of a hexane extract from Babesia bovis-infected erythrocytes were investigated. Positive ELISA and IFAT reactions were obtained with bovine antisera to B. bovis and B. bigemina produced by natural infection and rabbit antisera to the hexane extract, respectively. In contrast, negative ELISA reactions were obtained with(More)
The isolation and characterization of primary strains of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a vital tool for assessing properties of viruses replicating in HIV-infected subjects. HIV-1 isolation was carried out from 30 HIV-1-infected patients from a Comprehensive Care Clinic (CCC) after informed consent. Virus was successfully isolated from 9 out of the(More)
Serological analysis of Babesia bovis-derived glycolipids by ELISA and the indirect fluorescent antibody technique demonstrated the existence of their antigenic and immunogenic activities not only in B. bovis but also in B. bigemina infections. This indicates that serological cross-reactivity of B. bovis and B. bigemina relates to glycolipids. The negative(More)
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