George N Pairas

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In order to investigate the ability of metal complexes to act as reactivators of organophosphorus compounds (OP)-inhibited acetylcholinesterase (AChE), we have synthesized and crystallographically characterized three novel mononuclear Zn(II) complexes formulated as [ZnCl2{(4-py)CHNOH}2] (1), [ZnBr2{(4-py)CHNOH}2] (2) and [Zn(O2CMe)2{(4-py)CHNOH}2]∙2MeCN(More)
Analogs of GnRH, including [DLeu6, desGly1o]-GnRH-NHEt (leuprolide, commercial product), have been widely used in oncology to induce reversible chemical castration. Several studies have provided evidence that, besides their pituitary effects, GnRH analogs may exert direct antiproliferative effects on tumor cells. To study the effect of modifications in(More)
Lamprey gonadotropin-releasing hormone type III (lGnRH-III) is an isoform of GnRH isolated from the sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) with negligible endocrine activity in mammalian systems. Data concerning the superior direct anticancer activity of lGnRH-III have been published, raising questions on the structure-activity relationship. We synthesized 21(More)
The solution NMR conformational properties of two angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) Zn catalytic-site 36-residue peptides, with the general sequence HEMGHX23EAIGDX3, synthesized through solid-phase 9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl (Fmoc) chemistry, is reported. The 1H resonance assignment of Zn-bound peptides is presented and the characteristic features of the(More)
A new human/rat CRH analogue has been synthesized using the Fmoc/tBu solid-phase synthetic protocol. The sequence of the new peptide differs from the original in two positions, 12 and 15, at which the native amino acids l-phenylalanine 12 and l-leucine 15 have been replaced by the nonprotein amino acids d-phenylalanine and alpha-aminoisobutyric acid (Aib),(More)
Angiotensin-I Converting Enzyme (ACE) is a Zinc Metallopeptidase of which the three-dimensional structure was unknown until recently, when the X-ray structure of testis isoform (C-terminal domain of somatic) was determined. ACE plays an important role in the regulation of blood pressure due to its action in the frame of the Renin-Angiotensin System. Efforts(More)
New compounds with potential antitumour activity were synthesised by combining nitrogen mustard with the steroidal skeleton, in an effort to improve specificity and at the same time reduce systemic toxicity. The steroidal part is aimed to serve as a biological platform enabling the alkylating moiety to approach its site of action by altering its(More)
The synthesis and the in vivo evaluation against leukemias P388 and L1210 of six new alkylating steroidal esters are described. The esteric derivatives incorporating the 17beta-acetamido-B-lactamic steroidal skeleton exhibited increased antileukemic activity and lower toxicity, compared to the 17beta-acetamido-7-keto analogs. Among the(More)
The significant antifungal activity of a series of sulfonamide-1,2,4-triazole and 1,3,4-thiazole derivatives against a series of micromycetes, compared to the commercial fungicide bifonazole has been reported. These compounds have also shown a comparable bactericidal effect to that of streptomycin and better activity than chloramphenicol against various(More)
The esters of Hecogenin and aza-homo-Hecogenin with N,N-bis(2-chloroethyl)aminocinnamic acid isomers have been prepared and their cytogenetic studies of structure-biological activity relationship were evaluated. The cytogenetic effects (sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs) induction and proliferation rate indices (PRIs) depression) by o-, m- and(More)