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Enterohemorrhagic strains of Escherichia coli must pass through the acidic gastric barrier to cause gastrointestinal disease. Taking into account the apparent low infectious dose of enterohemorrhagic E. coli, 11 O157:H7 strains and 4 commensal strains of E. coli were tested for their abilities to survive extreme acid exposures (pH 3). Three previously(More)
It has been suggested (L. H. Harris, R. P. Desai, N. E. Welker, and E. T. Papoutsakis, Biotechnol. Bioeng. 67:1-11, 2000) that butyryl phosphate (BuP) is a regulator of solventogenesis in Clostridium acetobutylicum. Here, we determined BuP and acetyl phosphate (AcP) levels in fermentations of C. acetobutylicum wild type (WT), degenerate strain M5, a(More)
The genome sequence of the solvent-producing bacterium Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824 has been determined by the shotgun approach. The genome consists of a 3.94-Mb chromosome and a 192-kb megaplasmid that contains the majority of genes responsible for solvent production. Comparison of C. acetobutylicum to Bacillus subtilis reveals significant local(More)
Integrational plasmid technology has been used to disrupt metabolic pathways leading to acetate and butyrate formation in Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824. Non-replicative plasmid constructs, containing either clostridial phosphotransacetylase (pta) or butyrate kinase (buk) gene fragments, were integrated into homologous regions on the chromosome.(More)
A thermostable xylanase gene, xyn10A (CAP0053), was cloned from Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824. The nucleotide sequence of the C. acetobutylicum xyn10A gene encoded a 318-amino-acid, single-domain, family 10 xylanase, Xyn10A, with a molecular mass of 34 kDa. Xyn10A exhibited extremely high (92%) amino acid sequence identity with Xyn10B (CAP0116) of(More)
This work investigated the passive bending properties of the intact human torso about its three principal axes of flexion: extension, lateral bending, and axial rotation. Additionally, the effects of wearing an abdominal belt and holding the breath (full inhalation) on trunk stiffness was investigated. The torsos of 22 males and 15 females were subjected to(More)
MOTIVATION Finding novel or non-standard metabolic pathways, possibly spanning multiple species, has important applications in fields such as metabolic engineering, metabolic network analysis and metabolic network reconstruction. Traditionally, this has been a manual process, but the large volume of metabolic data now available has created a need for(More)
Most reported efforts to enhance production of the industrially valuable specialty chemical succinate have been done under anaerobic conditions, where E. coli undergoes mixed-acid fermentation. These efforts have often been hampered by the limitations of NADH availability, poor cell growth, and slow production. An aerobic succinate production system was(More)
The Clostridium acetobutylicum xylanase gene xyn10B (CAP0116) was cloned from the type strain ATCC 824, whose genome was recently sequenced. The nucleotide sequence of C. acetobutylicum xyn10B encodes a 318-amino acid protein. Xyn10B consists of a single catalytic domain that belongs to family 10 of glycosyl hydrolases. The enzyme was purified from(More)