George Micheletti

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In an inbred strain of Wistar rats, spontaneous spike and wave discharges (8 to 10 c/s) appeared regularly on the EEG during quiet wakefulness and were accompanied by an arrest of behavioral activity associated with vibrissal and facial myoclonia. These seizures were recorded over the entire neocortex, but predominantly in the frontoparietal cortex.(More)
Using the mouse delta-opioid receptor cDNA as a probe, we have isolated genomic clones encoding the human mu- and kappa-opioid receptor genes. Their organization appears similar to that of the human delta receptor gene, with exon-intron boundaries located after putative transmembrane domains 1 and 4. The kappa gene was mapped at position q11-12 in human(More)
Of 100 randomly chosen, adult male Wistar rats in the breeding colony at the Centre de Neurochimie , Strasbourg, 31 presented spontaneous, nonconvulsive epileptic seizures: wave-and-spike discharges, 7-11 cycles/s, 200-600 microV, accompanied by behavioral arrest and myoclony of the vibrissae and of the facial and cervical muscles. Pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)(More)
Dopamine D2 receptor gene expression was examined in rat striatum after chronic treatment with N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists (ketamine at 15 mg/kg/day or MK-801 at 0.1, 0.2 and 0.4 mg/kg/day per os, for 50 days). The long-isoform mRNA, as well as the total D2 mRNA expression were induced. No change was noticed in striatal dopamine release(More)
We have used the mouse delta-opioid receptor (mDOR) cDNA to isolate the mDOR gene and its human homologue. In both species the coding region is interrupted by two introns with conserved exon-intron boundaries located after transmembrane domains 1 and 4. Using the polymerase chain reaction and primers based on the sequence of the cloned human delta-opioid(More)
The effects of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonist ketamine given acutely or chronically were investigated on dopamine-related motor functions. Acute administration (15, 22.5, 30 mg/kg, i.p.) reversed the catalepsy induced by a dopamine (DA) antagonist (haloperidol, 0.25 mg/kg, i.p.) in the rat. When given orally and chronically (15 mg/kg per day) during(More)
Certain Wistar rats from our laboratory colony present genetically determined seizures similar to human petit-mal absences. Muscimol, THIP and L-baclofen, agonists of GABA receptors, and gamma-vinyl GABA (GVG), an inhibitor of GABA degradation, enhanced the duration of spontaneous petit-mal-like seizures in a dose-dependent fashion. These findings raise(More)
During quiet wakefulness of 63 adult Wistar rats, 24 exhibited synchronous paroxysmal bursts consisting of spikes and spike and wave discharges, recorded in the amygdala and frontoparietal cortex. Discharges were associated with a sudden immobility of the rat and rhythmic twitches of vibrissae or cervicofacial musculature. As soon as the phenomena stopped,(More)
Wistar rats of a strain displaying spontaneous petit mal-like seizures and spike-wave EEG discharged (SWD) were injected i.p. with drugs affecting noradrenergic neurotransmission. The EEG and behavior were recorded. Drugs which decrease alpha-noradrenergic neurotransmission, prazosin (alpha 1-antagonist) and clonidine (alpha 2-agonist), increased SWD and(More)
One-third of Wistar rats bred in our laboratory present recurrent seizures whose EEG and clinical symptomatology resemble those of human petit mal. Bilateral cortical synchronous spike- and wave discharges (7-11 c/s; 200-600 microV, lasting 0.5 to 40 s) accompany behavioral arrest and are associated frequently with facial myoclonia. These seizures, observed(More)