George M. Varghese

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BACKGROUND AND AIMS Scrub typhus, a zoonotic rickettsial infection, is an important reason for intensive care unit (ICU) admission in the Indian subcontinent. We describe the clinical profile, organ dysfunction, and predictors of mortality of severe scrub typhus infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS Retrospective study of patients admitted with scrub typhus(More)
OBJECTIVES To derive a clinical algorithm for diagnosis of scrub typhus among patients hospitalized with febrile illness and to determine predictors of bad prognosis. METHODS Patients hospitalized with febrile illness of 5-30 days duration were evaluated for common aetiologies. Sera were tested for antibodies (IgM and IgG) to Orientia tsutsugamushi using(More)
Rickettsial diseases, caused by a variety of obligate intracellular, gram-negative bacteria from the genera Rickettsia, Orientia, Ehrlichia, Neorickettsia, Neoehrlichia, and Anaplasma, belonging to the Alphaproteobacteria, are considered some of the most covert emerging and re-emerging diseases and are being increasingly recognized. Among the major groups(More)
We studied the natural history of Perthes' disease in 62 children in whom the onset of symptoms was in adolescence. Three patterns of disease were noted, namely, late-onset pattern, segmental collapse, or destructive with failure of revascularisation. In the late-onset pattern, the disease followed the sequence of healing seen in younger children, but(More)
BACKGROUND Heatstroke is a medical emergency that results from failure of thermoregulatory mechanism coupled with an exaggerated acute phase response, causing an elevation in core body temperature that rises above 40 degrees C, producing multi-organ dysfunction. It carries a high mortality rate, and in survivors, a risk of permanent neurological damage. (More)
In this randomized multicentre study, we compared the safety and efficacy of cefepime, 2.0 g bd i.v., with that of ceftazidime, 2.0 g tid i.v., as initial treatment of adult patients with serious infections of bacterial aetiology. Three hundred and forty-eight patients were entered into the study, 173 received cefepime and 175 ceftazidime. The treatment(More)
BACKGROUND Scrub typhus, a bacterial zoonosis caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, may cause multiorgan dysfunction syndrome (MODS) and is associated with significant mortality. This study was undertaken to document the clinical and laboratory manifestations and complications and to study time trends and factors associated with mortality in patients with scrub(More)