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To screen for congenital deafness, brainstem auditory-evoked potential (BAEP) testing was performed on 1031 Dalmatians from three geographically separated areas. Phenotypic marker assessment was done to determine markers possibly associated with deafness. Markers included sex, hair coat color, pigmentation of different areas of skin (eye rims, nose, and(More)
Visual system responses (visual evoked potentials) to flash (FVEP) and pattern reversal (PRVEP) stimuli were recorded in mice. Two strains were used: black C57BL/6J mice and agouti B6CBAF1/J mice (first generation offspring of C57BL/6J females and CBA/J males.) Subjects were sedated with ketamine and xylazine. Flash rate (FVEP) and stimulus spatial(More)
Deafness in blue-eyed white cats: The uphill road to solving polygenic disorders The pure white cat with luminous blue eyes is an attractive image familiar to many. These animals are well-known to be commonly affected by a congenital hereditary deafness that may affect one or both ears; the deafness is linked to the so-called W gene. Reports of this(More)
  • G M Strain
  • 1999
Congenital deafness in dogs and cats is primarily of the hereditary sensorineural form associated with white pigmentation genes, although acquired forms of deafness are possible. Highest prevalence is seen in white cats, especially those with blue eyes, and the Dalmatian, with many other dog breeds affected to some extent. This deafness results from(More)
Hearing function was tested in dogs from breeds at risk for pigment-associated congenital sensorineural deafness - Dalmatian, English setter (ES), English cocker spaniel (ECS), bull terrier (BT), Australian cattle dog (ACD), whippet, Catahoula leopard dog, and Jack Russell terrier. Deafness prevalence was highest in Dalmatians and lowest in ECS. Phenotype(More)
Hereditary loss of hearing affects many breeds of the domestic dog, but the Dalmatian has the highest prevalence. Approximately 30% are affected in the United States (U.S.) population. It is widely accepted that a relationship exists between deafness and pigmentation in the dog and also in other animals. While the Dalmatian exemplifies this relationship,(More)
Brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEP) and flash visual evoked potentials (VEP) were recorded from juvenile (5-7 weeks of age) and adult Vietnamese miniature pot-bellied pigs to provide normative data for clinical applications. BAEP responses were collected in response to stimulus intensities of 85, 95, and 105 dB nHL. VEP responses were collected in(More)
Brain stem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) testing with air-conducted click stimuli can be used to diagnose sensorineural deafness in dogs if conductive deafness can be ruled out. Detection of conductive deafness can be performed by recording BAEP elicited by a vibratory stimulus transducer placed against the skull. Air- and bone-conducted BAEP were(More)
Vestibulotoxic and ototoxic effects often are seen after long-term, high-dose systemic treatment with gentamicin, but toxic effects after topical use have not been reported in animals, to the authors' knowledge. Vestibular and auditory effects of twice daily otic gentamicin treatment for 21 days were evaluated in 10 dogs with intact tympanic membranes and(More)