George M. Strain

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Hereditary loss of hearing affects many breeds of the domestic dog, but the Dalmatian has the highest prevalence. Approximately 30% are affected in the United States (U.S.) population. It is widely accepted that a relationship exists between deafness and pigmentation in the dog and also in other animals. While the Dalmatian exemplifies this relationship,(More)
Hearing function was tested in dogs from breeds at risk for pigment-associated congenital sensorineural deafness - Dalmatian, English setter (ES), English cocker spaniel (ECS), bull terrier (BT), Australian cattle dog (ACD), whippet, Catahoula leopard dog, and Jack Russell terrier. Deafness prevalence was highest in Dalmatians and lowest in ECS. Phenotype(More)
To screen for congenital deafness, brainstem auditory-evoked potential (BAEP) testing was performed on 1031 Dalmatians from three geographically separated areas. Phenotypic marker assessment was done to determine markers possibly associated with deafness. Markers included sex, hair coat color, pigmentation of different areas of skin (eye rims, nose, and(More)
Peripheral deafness may be inherited or acquired, congenital or later-onset, and sensorineural or conductive. The most commonly observed forms are inherited congenital sensorineural, acquired later-onset sensorineural (ototoxicity, presbycusis) and acquired later-onset conductive (chronic otitis externa/media). In most dog and cat breeds inherited(More)
Visual system responses (visual evoked potentials) to flash (FVEP) and pattern reversal (PRVEP) stimuli were recorded in mice. Two strains were used: black C57BL/6J mice and agouti B6CBAF1/J mice (first generation offspring of C57BL/6J females and CBA/J males.) Subjects were sedated with ketamine and xylazine. Flash rate (FVEP) and stimulus spatial(More)
A method was developed to record cortical somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP) from thoracic and pelvic limb stimulation in cows. Recordings were similar in latency and amplitude to those reported for horses. Correction for conduction pathway length did not alter the average latency values because the cows of the study were uniform in size; however, the(More)
Brainstem auditory-evoked potentials (BAEP) were recorded from 29 Holstein cows in a typical clinical setting. The latencies of five positive peaks in the BAEP were measured, and latency-intensity functions were determined. The BAEP was similar to that reported in humans, dogs, horses, and other species. The responses were reproducible for each cow, with(More)
Electroencephalogram (EEG), brain stem auditory-evoked potential, and flash visual-evoked potential recordings were taken from healthy sheep and from 3 sheep with scrapie, a CNS slow virus infection. The EEG changes included semi-periodic, polyphasic, high-voltage sharp waves (bilaterally synchronous and symmetric in all channels), and a cyclic alternating(More)
Congenital deafness in dogs and cats is primarily of the hereditary sensorineural form associated with white pigmentation genes, although acquired forms of deafness are possible. Highest prevalence is seen in white cats, especially those with blue eyes, and the Dalmatian, with many other dog breeds affected to some extent. This deafness results from(More)