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Central tinnitus is used herein either to designate a tinnitus that originates in the central auditory system, or to refer to a component of a peripherally generated tinnitus that is exaggerated by auditory brain mechanisms. Findings from several research areas contribute to this analysis of central tinnitus. The inferior colliculus, in particular, is(More)
The purpose of the study was to determine if permanent, sound-induced hearing loss altered behaviorally measured thresholds for the detection of electrical stimulation applied to auditory nuclei. Electrodes were placed in cochlear nucleus and inferior colliculus in four cats. Behaviorally measured thresholds for the detection of brief trains of electrical(More)
Frequency-following responses, with latencies circa 6 msec, were recorded from five normal-hearing human subjects to brief 500 c/sec tone bursts presented monaurally. The frequency-following responses appear as peaks occurring at 2 msec intervals superimposed on a slow wave (pedestal-like) component. Comparisons were made between the frequency-following(More)
The auditory temporal integration function was studied with the objective of improving both its quantitative description and the specification of its principle independent variable, stimulus duration. In Sec. I, temporal integration data from 20 studies were subjected to uniform analyses using standardized definitions of duration and two models of temporal(More)
Temporal integration functions obtained from human subjects with sensorineural hearing loss have shallower slopes than the functions obtained from normal-hearing subjects. The present investigation was designed to explore this relation in animals in order to compare normal-hearing cats and humans. Auditory temporal integration functions were measured for(More)
  • G M Gerken
  • 1979
Data are reported for seven cats with a total of 29 electrodes permanently placed in or near the cochlear nucleus, the superior olivary complex, the nucleus of the inferior colliculus, and the medial geniculate body. Detection thresholds for pulsate electrical stimuli were measured using an operant behavioral procedure. Electrical stimulation thresholds(More)
Each of three young-adult female cats with normal hearing received a total of eight permanent electrodes which were implanted bilaterally in cochlear nucleus (CN) and inferior colliculus (IC). Three experiments were performed using behaviorally measured thresholds for electrical stimulation of CN and IC. In Expt. 1, electrical stimulation thresholds (in dB(More)
Temporal integration functions were measured, before and after a sound-induced hearing loss, in 5 cats using trains of electrical pulses applied to auditory nuclei in the brainstem. The 8 stimuli ranged from 1 pulse (0.25 ms duration) to 16 pulses (0.25 ms pulses spaced over 240 ms). The stimuli were applied to inferior colliculus or cochlear nucleus via(More)
  • G M Gerken
  • 1993
There is evidence that the manner in which the central auditory system processes transient signals can be altered by either of two seemingly unrelated experimental factors, namely, hearing loss, or the presence of a continuous tone of moderate intensity. In particular, altered processing of brief signals in the central auditory system is indicated by(More)
Auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) and middle latency responses (MLRs) recorded from problem-tinnitus patients were compared with responses from normal hearing, hearing loss, and elderly subjects. Ten stimulus frequencies were presented in counterbalanced sequence and all frequencies were presented before any given frequency was presented again. The(More)