George M. Barnas

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From measurements of airway and esophageal pressures and flow, we calculated the elastance and resistance of the total respiratory system (Ers and Rrs), chest wall (Ecw and Rcw), and lungs (EL and RL) in 11 anesthetized-paralyzed patients immediately before cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass and immediately after chest closure at the end of(More)
We evaluated the effect of pulmonary edema on the frequency (f) and tidal volume (VT) dependences of respiratory system mechanical properties in the normal ranges of breathing. We measured resistance and elastance of the lungs (RL and EL) and chest wall of four anesthetized-paralyzed dogs during sinusoidal volume oscillations at the trachea (50-300 ml,(More)
Endobronchial insufflation of oxygen offers possible advantages over conventional ventilation modes in some clinical situations in which nonmovement of the chest may be desirable; however, endobronchial insufflation of oxygen has yet to be used during thoracic surgery in humans. Furthermore, the physiologic mechanisms underlying gas exchange during(More)
We measured oxygen consumption (VO2), carbon dioxide production (VCO2), minute volume (VE), respiratory frequency (f) and tidal volume (VT) of chickens during 15 min treadmill exercise at 0.5 ms-1 and 0.8 ms-1 at thermoneutral (23 degrees C), low (9 degrees C) and high (34 degrees C) ambient temperature (Ta); the vertebral canal was cooled to 34 degrees C(More)
How pulmonary edema affects lung tissue and airway properties is not clear. From measurements of airway pressure and flow, we measured lung elastance (EL) and resistance (RL) in 5 anesthetized-paralyzed open-chested dogs during sinusoidal forcing in the frequency (f) and tidal volume (VT) ranges of normal breathing. RL was divided into its tissue (Rti) and(More)
We measured the effective resistance (Reff) and elastance (Eeff) of the chest wall in four subjects, relaxed at functional residual capacity (FRC), during sinusoidal volume changes (5% vital capacity up to 4 Hz) delivered at the mouth. Subjects sat in a head-out body plethysmograph, and transthoracic pressure was measured with an esophageal balloon. Changes(More)
The non-reversing gas flow pattern in the avian lung has been attributed to 'aerodynamic valves'. A fundamental property of all aerodynamic valves is their dependence on inertial forces in the gas stream: sufficient reduction of inertial forces will cause aerodynamic valves to fail. If valving in the avian lung is aerodynamic, it should fail when gas stream(More)
The respiratory system has been shown to exhibit nonlinear mechanical properties in the frequency (f) range of normal breathing, manifested by tidal volume (Vt) dependence. Calculations of respiratory system resistance (R) and elastance (E) from pressure-flow measurements during external forcing at a given f may be ambiguous, especially if non-sinusoidal(More)
To test an approach for measuring respiratory system resistance (R) and elastance (E) during non-sinusoidal forcing, we measured airway and esophageal pressures and flow at the trachea of 9 anesthetized-paralyzed dogs during sinusoidal forcing (SF) and 4 types of non-sinusoidal forcings at 0.15 and 0.6 Hz and 300 ml tidal volume. During SF, calculations of(More)