George Lewith

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CONTEXT Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is used by pediatric patients with cancer, but the actual frequency of CAM use is undetermined. OBJECTIVE In this systematic review we summarize the current evidence on the prevalence of CAM use in pediatric patients with cancer and assess the reported quality of included studies. METHODS We(More)
Complementary and Alternative Medicines (CAM) are used by an extensive number of patients in the UK and elsewhere. In order to understand this pattern of behavior, it is helpful to examine the characteristics of people who use CAM. This narrative review collates and evaluates the evidence concerning the demographic characteristics and health status factors(More)
Both specific and non-specific factors may play a role in acupuncture therapy for pain. We explored the cerebral consequences of needling and expectation with real acupuncture, placebo acupuncture and skin-prick, using a single-blind, randomized crossover design with 14 patients suffering from painful osteoarthritis, who were scanned with positron emission(More)
Many studies of acupuncture treatment are seriously flawed by methodological problems. Poor design, inadequate measures and statistical analysis, lack of follow-up data and sub-standard treatment are all too common. However, the major problem, which many investigators consider to be still unresolved, is the definition of an appropriate placebo control. The(More)
People might be attracted to and use complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) because they hold beliefs that are congruent with CAM. This article collates, examines and synthesizes the evidence surrounding this hypothesis. Most studies are cross-sectional and focus on a limited number of beliefs. Multivariate studies suggest that beliefs related to(More)
To investigate the efficacy of acupuncture on stroke recovery compared to an inert placebo. Placebo-controlled, randomised, clinical trial. Post-stroke rehabilitation wards in five NHS hospitals in the UK. Patients between 4 and 10 days after their first stroke. The patients received 12 acupuncture or placebo treatments over four weeks. Acupuncture with(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effectiveness of lessons in the Alexander technique, massage therapy, and advice from a doctor to take exercise (exercise prescription) along with nurse delivered behavioural counselling for patients with chronic or recurrent back pain. DESIGN Factorial randomised trial. Setting 64 general practices in England. PARTICIPANTS(More)
BACKGROUND Despite substantial increases in its popularity and use, the efficacy of acupuncture for chronic mechanical neck pain remains unproved. OBJECTIVE To compare acupuncture and placebo for neck pain. DESIGN A randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-arm trial with 1-year follow-up. SETTING The outpatient departments of 2 major(More)
STUDY DESIGN Patients enrolled in a randomized controlled trial were asked to complete various questionnaires, which were then compared to establish validity for a new neck pain questionnaire. OBJECTIVES To validate a new and brief outcome measure for use with patients with mechanical neck pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Neck pain is a very common(More)
OBJECTIVES The study aimed to develop a comprehensive generic measure of treatment beliefs, the Complementary and Alternative Medicine Beliefs Inventory (CAMBI), and to identify distinct dimensions of CAM-related beliefs. METHODS The CAMBI and other measures were presented and advertised online. RESULTS 328 completed questionnaires were received. Factor(More)