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We performed a randomized, double-blind, pilot study on magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) infusion for aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH).Sixty patients with SAH were randomly allocated to receive either MgSO4 80 mmol/day or saline infusion for 14 days. Patients also received intravenous nimodipine. Episodes of vasospasm were treated with hypertensive and(More)
INTRODUCTION Previous meta-analyses of magnesium sulphate infusion in the treatment of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) have become outdated due to recently published clinical trials. Our aim was thus to perform an up-to-date systemic review and meta-analysis of published data on the use of magnesium sulphate infusion in aneurysmal SAH patients. (More)
The outcome of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) has improved slowly over the past 25 years. This improvement may be due to early aneurysm repair by endovascular or open means, use of nimodipine, and better critical care management. Despite this improvement, mortality remains at about 40%, and many survivors have permanent neurologic,(More)
OBJECTIVE The release of results of International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial in 2003 caused a shift in the paradigm of management of ruptured intracranial aneurysms. The cases selected for microsurgical clipping nowadays are usually those patients with aneurysms that are not suitable for embolization, and are often complex and difficult. We devised an(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to investigate the profiles and prognostic values of delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) and delayed cerebral infarction. METHODS IMASH (Intravenous Magnesium Sulphate for Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage) was registered at http://www.strokecenter.org/trials , and http://www.ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT00124150). Data of 327 patients were(More)
OBJECTIVE Current methodologies for outcome assessment of coiled cerebral aneurysms are based on rough estimations. The aim of this study was to develop a system of quantitative analysis for objective and accurate assessment of the outcome of cerebral aneurysms treated with coil embolization. METHODS The quantitative analysis system is based on a concept(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of the present study was to determine whether intracranial aneurysms are distended after coil embolization and to evaluate the distensibility of ruptured aneurysms treated with endovascular coiling. METHODS This was a prospective study of 20 consecutive patients with 22 aneurysms, who presented with a ruptured cerebral aneurysm and(More)
OBJECTIVE We report our experience gaining access to the cavernous sinus via transfacial catheterization of the superior ophthalmic vein through the angular or retromandibular vein. We evaluate the viability of this approach as a safe and convenient alternative pathway for transvenous embolization of the cavernous sinus. METHODS This is a retrospective(More)
To exclude underlying vascular abnormalities in patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage, the traditional paradigm requires investigation using digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in both the acute and subacute phases. We investigated whether MRI and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), in the subacute stage of intracerebral hematoma, had high(More)
It is believed by many neurosurgeons that in addition to age and neurological status, the CT patterns of traumatic intracerebral haemorrhages are related to outcome. The aim of this study was to find out whether this is the case. The study was conducted in a regional level I trauma centre in Hong Kong. We prospectively collected data of patients with(More)