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The interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) converting enzyme (ICE) processes the inactive IL-1 beta precursor to the proinflammatory cytokine. Adherent monocytes from mice harboring a disrupted ICE gene (ICE-/-) did not export IL-1 beta or interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) after stimulation with lipopolysaccharide. Export of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and(More)
The interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) converting enzyme (ICE) processes the inactive IL-1beta precursor to the proinflammatory cytokine. ICE was also shown to cleave the precursor of interferon-gamma inducing factor (IGIF) at the authentic processing site with high efficiency, thereby activating IGIF and facilitating its export. Lipopolysaccharide-activated(More)
p300 and its family member, CREB-binding protein (CBP), function as key transcriptional coactivators by virtue of their interaction with the activated forms of certain transcription factors. In a search for additional cellular targets of p300/CBP, a protein-protein cloning strategy, surprisingly identified SRC-1, a coactivator involved in nuclear hormone(More)
The administration of therapeutic doses of recombinant cytokines to patients with malignant disease can be complicated by systemic toxicities, which in their most severe form may present as a systemic inflammatory response. The combination of interleukin (IL)-18 and IL-12 has synergistic antitumor activity in vivo yet has been associated with significant(More)
PURPOSE Cytokines and related inflammatory mediators are rapidly synthesized in the brain during seizures. We previously found that intracerebral administration of interleukin-1 (IL-1)-beta has proconvulsant effects, whereas its endogenous receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) mediates potent anticonvulsant actions in various models of limbic seizures. In this(More)
The mechanism of cytokine-induced shock remains poorly understood. The combination of IL-2 and IL-12 has synergistic antitumor activity in vivo, yet has been associated with significant toxicity. We examined the effects of IL-2 plus IL-12 in a murine model and found that the daily, simultaneous administration of IL-2 and IL-12 resulted in shock and 100%(More)
IL-1 beta-converting enzyme (ICE) cleaves pro-IL-1 beta to the mature, released form. Although other proteases can process pro-IL-1 beta, ICE-deficient (ICE -/-) mice do not release mature IL-1 beta in response to endotoxin. The purpose of our study was to investigate the response of ICE -/- mice in two models of local inflammation, turpentine-induced(More)
We investigated the consequences of transient application of specific stimuli mimicking inflammation to hippocampal tissue on microglia activation and neuronal cell vulnerability to a subsequent excitotoxic insult. Two-week-old organotypic hippocampal slice cultures, from 7-day-old C57BL/6 donor mice, were exposed for 3 h to lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 10(More)
In recent years, several strategies that selectively inhibit pro-inflammatory cytokines, have yielded effective protein-based therapies for inflammatory disorders, validating the therapeutic hypothesis that intervention in cytokine signalling can provide clinical benefit. However, these protein-based products must be administered by injection, a constraint(More)
To IL-1 beta is a principal mediator in the pathogenesis of inflammatory disease. The IL-1 beta-converting enzyme (ICE), a novel cysteine protease, is required for processing of the 31 kDa IL-1 beta precursor to generate the 17 kDa proinflammatory mature form. We investigated the effect of two irreversible peptidyl ICE inhibitors, VE-13,045 and VE-16,084,(More)