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The interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) converting enzyme (ICE) processes the inactive IL-1 beta precursor to the proinflammatory cytokine. Adherent monocytes from mice harboring a disrupted ICE gene (ICE-/-) did not export IL-1 beta or interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) after stimulation with lipopolysaccharide. Export of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and(More)
The interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) converting enzyme (ICE) processes the inactive IL-1beta precursor to the proinflammatory cytokine. ICE was also shown to cleave the precursor of interferon-gamma inducing factor (IGIF) at the authentic processing site with high efficiency, thereby activating IGIF and facilitating its export. Lipopolysaccharide-activated(More)
PURPOSE Cytokines and related inflammatory mediators are rapidly synthesized in the brain during seizures. We previously found that intracerebral administration of interleukin-1 (IL-1)-beta has proconvulsant effects, whereas its endogenous receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) mediates potent anticonvulsant actions in various models of limbic seizures. In this(More)
p300 and its family member, CREB-binding protein (CBP), function as key transcriptional coactivators by virtue of their interaction with the activated forms of certain transcription factors. In a search for additional cellular targets of p300/CBP, a protein-protein cloning strategy, surprisingly identified SRC-1, a coactivator involved in nuclear hormone(More)
IL-1 beta-converting enzyme (ICE) cleaves pro-IL-1 beta to the mature, released form. Although other proteases can process pro-IL-1 beta, ICE-deficient (ICE -/-) mice do not release mature IL-1 beta in response to endotoxin. The purpose of our study was to investigate the response of ICE -/- mice in two models of local inflammation, turpentine-induced(More)
Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) is produced in large amounts during acute pancreatitis and is believed to play a role in disease progression. Because secretion of IL-1 beta is dependent on intracellular processing of pro-IL-1 beta by IL-1 converting enzyme (ICE), we aimed to determine the efficacy of a novel ICE inactivator (VE-13045) in inhibiting secretion(More)
To IL-1 beta is a principal mediator in the pathogenesis of inflammatory disease. The IL-1 beta-converting enzyme (ICE), a novel cysteine protease, is required for processing of the 31 kDa IL-1 beta precursor to generate the 17 kDa proinflammatory mature form. We investigated the effect of two irreversible peptidyl ICE inhibitors, VE-13,045 and VE-16,084,(More)
In recent years, several strategies that selectively inhibit pro-inflammatory cytokines, have yielded effective protein-based therapies for inflammatory disorders, validating the therapeutic hypothesis that intervention in cytokine signalling can provide clinical benefit. However, these protein-based products must be administered by injection, a constraint(More)
The administration of therapeutic doses of recombinant cytokines to patients with malignant disease can be complicated by systemic toxicities, which in their most severe form may present as a systemic inflammatory response. The combination of interleukin (IL)-18 and IL-12 has synergistic antitumor activity in vivo yet has been associated with significant(More)
The mechanism of cytokine-induced shock remains poorly understood. The combination of IL-2 and IL-12 has synergistic antitumor activity in vivo, yet has been associated with significant toxicity. We examined the effects of IL-2 plus IL-12 in a murine model and found that the daily, simultaneous administration of IL-2 and IL-12 resulted in shock and 100%(More)