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The nuclear lamins are major components of a proteinaceous polymer that is located at the interface of the nuclear membrane and chromatin; these lamins are solubilized and dispersed throughout the cytoplasm during mitosis. It has been postulated that these proteins, assembled into the lamina, provide an architectural framework for the organization of the(More)
Immunofluorescence microscopy shows that the monoclonal murine antibody PKB8 stains the nuclear lamina of various somatic cells from vertebrates as diverse as mammals, birds and amphibia. It also decorates the nuclear periphery of oocytes from rat and chicken but does not react with spermatocytes, spermatids and spermatozoa. Immunoblotting experiments(More)
To gain insight into the mechanisms involved in the formation of maternally stored mRNPs during Xenopus laevis development, we searched for soluble cytoplasmic proteins of the oocyte that are able to selectively bind mRNAs, using as substrate radiolabeled mRNA. In vitro mRNP assembly in solution was followed by UV-cross-linking and RNase digestion,(More)
The cell type-specific expression of the major nuclear lamina polypeptides ("lamins") during development of Xenopus was studied using two monoclonal antibodies (L(0)46F7: specific for LIII, the single lamin of oocytes; PKB8: specific for LI and LII of some somatic cells). In the oocyte, LIII localizes in the nuclear polymer, but upon nuclear envelope(More)
We have analyzed the interaction of soluble nuclear lamins with the nuclear envelope by microinjection of normal and mutated lamins into the cytoplasm of Xenopus laevis oocytes. Our results demonstrate that the conserved cysteine of the carboxy-terminal tetrapeptide Cys Ala/Ser Ile Met of lamins is essential for their association with the nuclear envelope.(More)
The amplified, extrachromosomal nucleoli of Xenopus oocytes contain a meshwork of approximately 4-nm-thick filaments, which are densely coiled into higher-order fibrils of diameter 30-40 nm and are resistant to treatment with high- and low-salt concentrations, nucleases (DNase I, pancreatic RNase, micrococcal nuclease), sulfhydryl agents, and various(More)
More than 95% of the human population is infected with human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) during early childhood and maintains latent HHV-6 genomes either in an extra-chromosomal form or as a chromosomally integrated HHV-6 (ciHHV-6). In addition, approximately 1% of humans are born with an inheritable form of ciHHV-6 integrated into the telomeres of chromosomes.(More)
Herpesvirus particles consist of four morphologically distinct structures, the core, capsid, tegument, and envelope. The inner nucleoprotein core comprising the linear double-stranded DNA genome is included in an icosahedral (Tϭ16) capsid shell of 150 hexons and 12 pentons. The capsid is surrounded by a layer of proteinaceous material designated the(More)
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