George Krohne

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The cell type-specific expression of the major nuclear lamina polypeptides ("lamins") during development of Xenopus was studied using two monoclonal antibodies (L(0)46F7: specific for LIII, the single lamin of oocytes; PKB8: specific for LI and LII of some somatic cells). In the oocyte, LIII localizes in the nuclear polymer, but upon nuclear envelope(More)
We have previously shown that Xenopus oocytes, eggs, and early embryos contain lamins LII and LIII, and that portions of each are associated with distinct egg vesicle populations. We now report that a lamin similar or identical to the B-type lamin LI is also present in oocyte nuclei and in egg extracts. We have quantitated the three B-type lamins per oocyte(More)
The three-step model of cell migration consisting of protrusion of a leading lamella, attachment to the substrate, and contraction of the cell body is well established for fibroblasts migrating across planar surfaces. However, it is not resolved to what extent the migration of cancer cells in a 3-dimensional tissue environment follows similar principles.(More)
cDNA clones for nuclear pore complex glycoprotein p62 of two distantly related species, mouse and Xenopus laevis, were isolated. Antibodies raised against recombinant murine p62 react on protein blots with p62 of both species and decorate pore complexes. Analysis of the predicted protein sequence indicates that vertebrate p62 is organized into two(More)
Nuclear lamin isoforms of vertebrates can be divided into two major classes. The B-type lamins are membrane associated throughout the cell cycle, whereas A-type lamins are recovered from mitotic cell homogenates in membrane-free fractions. A feature of oogenesis in birds and mammals is the nearly exclusive presence of B-type lamins in oocyte nuclear(More)
Human emerin is a nuclear membrane protein that is lost or altered in patients with Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EMD). While the protein is expressed in the majority of human tissues analyzed, the pathology predominates in cardiac and skeletal muscles of patients with EMD. Our results show that emerin can be detected by immunocytochemistry and(More)
The nuclear lamins are major components of a proteinaceous polymer that is located at the interface of the nuclear membrane and chromatin; these lamins are solubilized and dispersed throughout the cytoplasm during mitosis. It has been postulated that these proteins, assembled into the lamina, provide an architectural framework for the organization of the(More)
The nuclear lamina consists of a proteinaceous layer or meshwork situated subjacent to the inner nuclear membrane. It is a karyoskeletal structure formed by a polymer containing one to three major polypeptides collectively termed the lamins. In all cells examined of vertebrates and invertebrates, the lamins exhibit very similar Mr ranging from 60 000 to 80(More)
We have analyzed the interaction of soluble nuclear lamins with the nuclear envelope by microinjection of normal and mutated lamins into the cytoplasm of Xenopus laevis oocytes. Our results demonstrate that the conserved cysteine of the carboxy-terminal tetrapeptide Cys Ala/Ser Ile Met of lamins is essential for their association with the nuclear envelope.(More)
The nuclei of bovine spermatids and spermatozoa are surrounded by dense cytoplasmic webs sandwiched between the nuclear envelope and the acrosome and plasma membrane, respectively, filling most of the cytoplasmic space of the sperm head. This web contains a complex structure, the perinuclear theca, which is characterized by resistance to extractions in(More)