George Kostoulas

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Human articular chondrocytes modulated away from their original phenotype by serial subcultures in monolayer differentially express mRNAs for endopeptidases. The mRNAs for the cathepsins B and L are extremely low in differentiated cells, but are soon expressed in parallel with the loss of the differentiated state. In contrast, the mRNA for collagenase-1 is(More)
The tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), TIMP-1 and TIMP-2, are also angiogenesis inhibitors. Cathepsin B and MMPs are found at sites of neovascularization in pathologies such as cancer and osteoarthritis. Treatment of TIMP-1, TIMP-2, and of a mixture of both inhibitors from human articular chondrocytes with cathepsin B resulted in their(More)
The influence of ionic strength and composition on the binding and inhibition of human leukocyte elastase by glycosaminoglycans with variable degree and position of sulfation was investigated. The kinetic mechanism of inhibition had a hyperbolic, mixed-type character with a competitive component that was promoted by low ionic strength, reduced by phosphate(More)
OBJECTIVE In previous studies, we suggested that cathepsin B, which is present at sites of cartilage remodeling in osteoarthritis (OA), may act as an antagonist of cartilage repair, an enhancer of the action of metalloproteinases, and a mediator of cartilage neovascularization and mineralization. Alternative splicing of cathepsin B pre-messenger RNA(More)
Human myeloblastin (leukocyte proteinase 3) shares many biochemical properties with leukocyte elastase, but rapidly loses enzymatic activity when raising the pH and/or the ionic strength of an acidic solution or when handled in glass vessels. This poses limits to kinetic experiments requiring long incubation times. After purification, myeloblastin was(More)
An experiment was conducted in both 2008 and 2009 to develop and evaluate strategies for the control of cucumber powdery mildew caused by Podosphaera xanthii. Effects of biological control agents (BCAs) Ampelomyces quisqualis and Pythium oligandrum and plant defence elicitors Milsana® VP 2002 (a plant extract of Reynoutria sachalinensis) and chitosan(More)
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