George K Michalopoulos

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This review summarizes the functional aspects, cellular kinetics and molecular mechanisms related to liver regeneration. Liver regeneration is a model of regenerative growth of tissues in adult animals. Rapid biochemical and gene expression changes following initiation of regeneration are mediated by specific stimuli, including growth factors and cytokines.(More)
PURPOSE The incidence of prostate cancer is frequent, occurring in almost one-third of men older than 45 years. Only a fraction of the cases reach the stages displaying clinical significance. Despite the advances in our understanding of prostate carcinogenesis and disease progression, our knowledge of this disease is still fragmented. Identification of the(More)
Prostate cancer is characterized by heterogeneity in the clinical course that often does not correlate with morphologic features of the tumor. Metastasis reflects the most adverse outcome of prostate cancer, and to date there are no reliable morphologic features or serum biomarkers that can reliably predict which patients are at higher risk of developing(More)
Scatter Factor (SF) is a fibroblast-secreted protein which promotes motility and matrix invasion of epithelial cells. Hepatocyte Growth Factor (HGF) is a powerful mitogen for hepatocytes and other epithelial tissues. SF and HGF, purified according to their respective biological activities, were interchangeable and equally effective in assays for cell(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The Wnt/beta-catenin pathway plays a role in liver growth and development. To address this conclusively, we used a conditional knockout approach to delete beta-catenin in the liver. METHODS Floxed beta-catenin (exons 2-6) mice were intercrossed with Albumin-Cre recombinase transgenic mice; considerable beta-catenin deletion was evident(More)
In the classical form of alpha1-antitrypsin (AT) deficiency, a point mutation in AT alters the folding of a liver-derived secretory glycoprotein and renders it aggregation-prone. In addition to decreased serum concentrations of AT, the disorder is characterized by accumulation of the mutant alpha1-antitrypsin Z (ATZ) variant inside cells, causing hepatic(More)
Mature adult parenchymal hepatocytes, typically of restricted capacity to proliferate in culture, can now enter into clonal growth under the influence of hepatocyte growth factor (scatter factor) (HGF/SF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), and transforming growth factor alpha (TGFalpha) in the presence of a new chemically defined medium (HGM). The expanding(More)
Liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy is one of the most studied models of cell, organ, and tissue regeneration. The complexity of the signaling pathways initiating and terminating this process have provided paradigms for regenerative medicine. Many aspects of the signaling mechanisms involved in hepatic regeneration are under active investigation.(More)
Human hepatocytes cultured serum-free for up to 6 weeks were used to study expression and induction of enzymes and membrane transport proteins involved in drug metabolism. Phase I drug metabolizing enzymes cytochrome P450 (CYP)1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2E1, and CYP3A4 were detected by Western blot analyses and, when appropriate, by enzymatic assays(More)
The human proto-oncogene c-MET encodes a heterodimeric 190 kDa transmembrane protein (p190c-met) with structural features of a tyrosine kinase receptor. The ligand for this putative receptor has not yet been identified. By Northern blot hybridization we found that, among a restricted number of human tissues, c-MET is highly expressed in the liver. This(More)