George K. Kostopoulos

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OBJECTIVES This review aims to offer a critical account of recent scientific developments relevant to the hypothesis which Pierre Gloor proposed in the 1970s for the generation of spike and wave discharges (SWDs) of primary generalized absence seizures. RESULTS According to this hypothesis SWDs develop in the same circuits, which normally generate sleep(More)
Tetanic stimulation of Schaffer collaterals in the CA1 region of transverse slices, taken from the septal (dorsal) part of young rat hippocampus, produced N-Methyl-D-aspartate-dependent long-term potentiation (LTP) of the rising slope of excitatory postsynaptic potential (mean 38%). Under identical conditions of stimulation (100 Hz, 1 s) slices taken from(More)
To study the relationship between cortical and thalamic single-neuron activity during spike and wave (SW) discharge of feline generalized penicillin epilepsy (FGPE), extracellular single-unit and local electroencephalogram (EEG) activity were recorded simultaneously from pairs of neurons, one located in the cortex of the middle suprasylvian gyrus (MSS), the(More)
Adenosine and the adenine nucleotides have a potent depressant action on cerebral cortical neurons, including identified corticospinal cells. Other purine and pyrimidine nucleotides were either weakly depressant (inosine and guanosine derivatives) or largely inactive (xanthine, cytidine, thymidine, uridine derivatives). The 5'-triphosphates and to a lesser(More)
We recorded the magnetoencephalographic (MEG) signal from three subjects before, during and after eye movements cued to a tone, self-paced, awake and during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. During sleep we recorded the MEG signal throughout the night together with electroencephalographic (EEG) and electromyographic (EMG) channels to construct a hypnogram.(More)
Two forms of short-term synaptic plasticity (STP), paired-pulse facilitation (PPF) and frequency potentiation (FP) of CA1 field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSP) to afferent stimulation were compared in slices taken from the dorsal and ventral parts of rat hippocampus. While dorsal slices showed significant PPF at all interpulse intervals (20-1400(More)
To elucidate the consequences of convulsions, we examined biochemically and electrophysiologically the brains of mice that had sustained two complete tonic-clonic convulsions after administration of pentylenetetrazol (PTZ 50 mg/kg intraperitoneally, i.p.), 48 and 24 h before decapitation. Control mice were injected with saline. Input/output curves of the(More)
Parallel-distributed processing is ubiquitous in the brain but often ignored by experimental designs and methods of analysis, which presuppose sequential and stereotypical brain activations. We introduce here a methodology that can effectively deal with sequential and distributed activity. Regional brain activations elicited by electrical median nerve(More)