George J. Vandemark

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ABSTRACT A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay using a set of specific primers and a dual-labeled probe (TaqMan) was developed to quantify the amount of Aphanomyces euteiches DNA in alfalfa plants exhibiting varying levels of disease severity. The study included isolates of race 1 and race 2 of A. euteiches. The assay also discriminated between alfalfa(More)
Resistance to common bacterial blight in common bean is a complex trait that is quantitatively inherited. Combining QTL is the current strategy for improving resistance, but interactions among different QTL are unknown. We examined the interaction between two independent QTL present in dry bean breeding line XAN 159. The QTL were studied in a near isogenic(More)
Although genotypic and phenotypic markers are used to describe genetic diversity, describing patterns of variationattributable to geographic differentiation is complex.We examined concordance between morphologic and RAPDmarker classification of 33 wild red clover populations collected from the Caucasus Mountains, Russia andcompared how morphologic and RAPD(More)
Lentil rust caused by Uromyces vicia-fabae (Pers.) Schroet is one of the most important diseases of lentil in South Asia, North Africa and East Africa. This disease is usually observed during late flowering and early podding stages. Early infection accompanied by favorable environmental conditions can result in complete crop failure and huge economic(More)
ABSTRACT Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products were identified and amplified from isolates of Aphanomyces euteiches and A. cochlioides. The products were cloned and sequenced, and the data were used to design pairs of extended PCR primers to amplify sequence-characterized DNA markers. The primer pair OPC7-FS-30 and OPC7-RS-25 amplified a single 1,332-bp(More)
Fifteen alfalfa populations consisting of six public cultivars and nine historically recognized sources of alfalfa germplasm in North American cultivars were examined using sequence related amplified polymorphisms (SRAPs). Three bulk DNA samples from each population were evaluated with fourteen different SRAP primer pairs. This resulted in 249 different(More)
ABSTRACT A multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay was developed to simultaneously genotype plants for the I and bc-1(2) alleles, which condition resistance in beans to Bean common mosaic virus and Bean common mosaic necrosis virus. A segregating F(2) population was derived from the cross between pinto bean breeding line P94207-189A (bc-1(More)
Our objective was to develop a rapid and accurate procedure to genotype common bean plants for the bc-1 2 allele, which conditions resistance to bean common mosaic and bean common mosaic necrosis viruses. A segregating F2 population was derived from the cross between pinto bean breeding lines P94207-43 (bc-1 2//bc-1 2) and P94207-189 (bc-1//bc-1). A(More)
Breeding efforts to improve resistance in dry bean to common bacterial blight (CBB) have focused on applying marker assisted selection strategies. We examined the interaction between two independent QTL (quantitative trait loci), SAP6 and SU91, on the expression of resistance to CBB in a pinto bean F2 population and dark red kidney bean F2 population. The(More)
Edible grain legumes, including dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), dry pea (Pisum sativum L.), chickpea (Cicer arientinum L.), and lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus), have served as important sources of protein in the human diet for thousands of years. In the United States, these crops are consumed nationally and produced for export markets. The objectives of(More)