George J Sorger

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Papaya (Carica papaya) seeds were extracted in an aqueous buffer or in organic solvents, fractionated by chromatography on silica and aliquots tested for anthelmintic activity by viability assays using Caenorhabditis elegans. For all preparations and fractions tested, anthelmintic activity and benzyl isothiocyanate content correlated positively. Aqueous(More)
Infusions of Chenopodium ambrosioides (L.) have been used for centuries in the Americas as a popular remedy against intestinal worm infections. The essential oil of Chenopodium ambrosioides contains high levels of ascaridole, which is a potent anthelmintic, but which has also been responsible for human fatalities, leading to its disuse. Almost 90% of the(More)
A number of chlorate-resistant mutants were selected, and one of these, clr68-5, was studied in detail. This mutant cannot utilize nitrate in vivo to overcome the effect of nonmetabolizable repressors of nitrogenase. The reason for this inability was that strain clr68-5 lacked nitrate reductase. Nitrate inhibited the activity of nitrogenase but did not act(More)
1. A method was developed to examine the turnover of nitrate reductase by the use of tungstate. 2. Evidence is presented which suggests that the disappearance of nitrate reductase activity from Neurospora mycelia exposed to non-inducing conditions is due to the disappearance of the enzyme protein(s) from the mycelia, and not merely due to the disappearance(More)
To investigate their potentially toxic effects on mammalian vascular smooth muscle, pentane extracts of papaya seeds and the chief active ingredient in the extracts, benzyl isothiocyanate (BITC), were tested for their effects on the contraction of strips of dog carotid artery. BITC and the papaya seed extract caused relaxation when added to tissue strips(More)
This report describes the isolation and characterization of a Neurospora crassa mutant with an impaired regulation of nitrate reductase. Glutamine, which prevents the induction of nitrate reductase in N. crassa, did so relatively ineffectively in this mutant. The mutation did not affect the regulation of all enzymes regulated by "nitrogen metabolite(More)
Glutamine is the preferred source of nitrogen of Neurospora crassa. In its presence and that of the gene product of MS5 (nmr-1), the fungus represses the assimilation of less preferred forms of nitrogen, such as nitrate. In the absence of glutamine and the presence of the product of gene nit-2, less preferred forms of nitrogen are assimilated as long as a(More)