George J. Mpitsos

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1. Complex behavior in the carnivorous marine gastropod Pleurobranchaea californica is described (Figs. 1–6). 2. Situations requiring behavioral choice can be created by simultaneously delivering the stimuli for two different behavior patterns. In such situations feeding is elicited in preference to other behaviors, including sexual activity and righting(More)
The inherent joint laxity and muscle hypotonia of adults with Down syndrome (DS) may result in reduced gait stability and increased energetic cost. These factors vary as a function of walking speed and may be reflected in gait patterns. The present study therefore examined whether the three-dimensional motion of the body center of mass (COM) and stepping(More)
Untrained Pleurobranchaea feed voraciously when presented food and withdraw from electrical shocks. We trained experimental animals in ten trials spaced 1 hour apart to withdraw from food alone by electrically shocking them if they fed or were indifferent to food. The greatest increase in the number of learned withdrawal responses occurred within 12 hours(More)
Rhythmic activity that is distributed to the brain and buccal ganglia and which underlies several types of behaviour, can be evoked from isolated nervous systems of Pleurobranchaea californica by tonic nerve stimulation. The experiments presented here were designed to test whether this rhythmic activity is produced by independent neuronal oscillators(More)
The distribution of histamine in the nervous system of the marine molluscs Aplysia californica and Pleurobranchaea californica was studied by using a newly available immunohistochemical localization technique and specific antiserum against histamine-protein conjugate. We examined several sets of complete histological sections through the major ganglia of(More)
Feeding behavior and the effect of its occurrence on other, unrelated behaviors were studied in the carnivorous marine gastropodPleurobranchaea calif arnica. The threshold of the feeding response is low and stable: it does not change in a circadian fashion (Fig. 1); it does not change during different behavioral states such as mating (Table 4) and(More)
1. Unrelated acts of behavior inPleurobranchaea are organized into a behavioral hierarchy (Fig. 1), in which feeding behavior takes precedence over righting behavior and over withdrawal of the head and oral veil from tactile stimulation. The present paper examines the effect on the behavioral hierarchy of one form of experience that affects feeding(More)
The findings presented here of work on the opisthobranch mollusc Pleurobranchaea californica indicate that some of the variability that has been observed in the activity of neurons during patterned motor activity may be attributable to low-dimensional chaos. We obtained long trains of action potentials (spikes) from these neurons, scanned them using(More)