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Orbital radiotherapy (Rx) is a commonly used treatment for Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO), but controlled clinical trials evaluating different Rx doses and application forms have not been performed. In euthyroid patients with moderately severe GO, we randomly compared the efficacy and tolerability of three Rx protocols. Orbital Rx (telecobalt) was administered(More)
Dyspnea on exertion is a common complaint in hyperthyroidism, and this thyroid dysfunction has been implicated as a primary cause of impaired effort tolerance. Using spirometry and spiroergometry, 42 patients with untreated hyperthyroidism were examined, and the condition was controlled 7 days later under propranolol monotherapy, as well as after 6 months(More)
PURPOSE In patients with thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO), the dry eye syndrome occurs frequently, and symptoms and signs of both disorders overlap making early and accurate differential diagnosis difficult. A differentiation via specific markers is warranted. METHODS Tear fluid samples of 120 subjects with TAO, TAO + dry eye, dry eye, and controls(More)
The clinical utility of the functional TSH receptor autoantibodies was prospectively evaluated in patients with thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO). Ophthalmic, endocrine, and serological investigations were performed in 101 consecutive patients with severe and active TAO. Serum thyroid stimulating (TSAb) and blocking (TBAb) antibody levels were measured(More)
Graves' orbitopathy (GO) is part of an autoimmune systemic disease (prevalence of 0.5 - 2%) which is composed of hyperthyroidism, orbitopathy, dermopathy and acropachy. Stimulating antibodies against the TSH receptor plays the central pathogenetic role and high levels indicate the risk of a severe course of the disease. The main symproms of GO comprise soft(More)
OBJECTIVE The concept of disease activity in Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) might explain why as many as one-third of patients do not respond to immunosuppressive treatment, because only patients in the active stage of disease are expected to respond. The hypothesis was adopted that a parameter used to measure disease activity should be able to predict a(More)
There is considerable controversy regarding the performance of strabismus surgery in patients with Graves' orbitopathy (GO). The spectrum of recommendations extends from variable dose-effect correlations for these procedures (Esser, 1994; Mourits et al., 1990; Nguyen et al., 2002) to individualized approaches such as passive intraoperative motility testing(More)