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Over the course of the HIV epidemic, the demographics of the populations of affected individuals have changed. Groups that traditionally have been underserved in systems of care have a number of unmet service needs. This article presents results based on data from 478 patients in five national demonstration projects which were funded to enroll individuals(More)
In collaboration with the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the Health Resources and Services Administration is conducting a multisite, longitudinal study on issues of service needs, service utilization, and access to care for drug abusers with HIV. This article discusses access to drug abuse treatment and HIV secondary prevention for 116 women interviewed(More)
The present paper describes the evaluation of a nutrition service and research model for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive clients within a community based HIV acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) medical clinic. This program was designed to develop an effective, practical, replicable model for the delivery of nutrition services in the(More)
Women diagnosed with severe mental illness and substance abuse may face a variety of associated difficulties that require intervention, including other health-related problems, housing instability or homelessness, and a history of or current physical or sexual abuse. This article expands upon the concept of "level of burden" by specifically examining issues(More)
The Transtheoretical, or Stages of Change Model, has been applied to the investigation of help-seeking related to a number of addictive behaviors. Overall, the model has shown to be very important in understanding the process of help-seeking. However, substance abuse rarely exists in isolation from other health, mental health, and social problems. The(More)
This paper presents first-year findings from a multi-site, longitudinal study being coordinated by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) in collaboration with the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) on access to care for drug abusers with HIV. The sample of 116 women and 187 men in five sites (Denver, Detroit, New Haven, New Orleans,(More)
This article describes data from 4,111 males and 4,085 females participating in 10 HIV/AIDS service demonstration projects. The sample was diverse in age, gender, ethnicity, HIV status, and risk for HIV transmission. Logistic regression was used to determine the attributes that best predict substance abuse. Males who were younger; HIV positive; homeless;(More)
Persons living with HIV/AIDS face many issues that make them highly vulnerable to a number of health and social problems. As the demographics of the epidemic have shifted in recent years, many members of traditionally underserved groups have encountered barriers to entering the services system. This article uses data from seven national demonstration(More)
The demographic, behavior, and background characteristics of 4,804 participants in 17 national demonstration projects for HIV medical and/or psychosocial support services were coded for an index of "service need" or possible under-representation in the traditional healthcare system. Fifteen items were coded including status as a person of color, lack of(More)