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The authors analyze histologically verified cases of ependymoma and ependymoblastoma (malignant ependymoma) occurring in children in Connecticut from 1935 to 1973. Of the 488 central nervous system tumors diagnosed in that period, 44 (9%) of the 467 intracranial neoplasms and five (24%) of the 21 intraspinal tumors were of ependymal origin. An increase in(More)
Venous angioma of the posterior fossa has been described, and the existing literature has been reviewed. The patient presented had a venous angioma located in the pons, and both cerebellar hemispheres and was drained by an enlarged and anatomically anomalous vein within the fourth ventricle. The patient had a "cough headache" and later had signs of(More)
Of 488 children with central nervous system neoplasms, 43 (8.8%) had glioblastomas, 22 of which were in the cerebral hemispheres, 16 in the brain stem, two in the cerebellum, and three in the spinal cord. The male to female ratio was 3:2. Glioblastoma multiforme of the cerebral hemispheres occurred at a mean age of 12.7 years, and the frontal lobe was the(More)
Seventy-two lesions were demonstrated in 70 patients who were examined using intraoperative real-time ultrasonography. Fifty-five lesions were supratentorial and 17 were infratentorial. The neurosurgeon used ultrasonography to evaluate his operative field before, during, and after resection. Nineteen lesions contained cystic components. In eight cases,(More)
The accuracy of a novel frameless stereotactic system was determined during 10 surgeries performed to resect brain tumors. An array of three charge-coupled device cameras tracked the locations of infrared light-emitting diodes on a hand-held stylus and on a reference frame attached to the patient's skull with a single bone screw. Patient-image registration(More)
Fifty-four primary intracranial neoplasms occurred in infants (18 months of age or younger) in Connecticut during a 40-year period, 1935 to 1974. Thirty percent were medulloblastomas and 16% were ependymal neoplasms. An equal number of males and females were affected. Forty percent were located in the cerebellum, 37% in the cerebral hemispheres, and 17% in(More)
A frameless stereotactic device interfacing an electromagnetic three-dimensional (3-D) digitizer to a computer workstation is described. The patient-image coordinate transformation was found by retrospectively registering a digitizer-derived model of the patient's scalp with a magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-derived model of the same surface. This procedure(More)
The utility of two-dimensional, real-time intraoperative ultrasound sector scanning for purposes of tumor localization, tumor biopsy, cyst drainage, and placement of ventricular shunt catheters in 13 patients is demonstrated. The technique allows the neurosurgeon to assess the progress of the procedure as it happens. The surgeon can observe biopsy probes(More)