Learn More
UNLABELLED Glycogen storage disease (GSD) types I, III, and IV can be associated with severe liver disease. The possible development of hepatocellular carcinoma and/or hepatic failure make these GSDs potential candidates for liver transplantation. Early diagnosis and initiation of effective dietary therapy have dramatically improved the outcome of GSD type(More)
Mutations in the Xq28 gene G4.5 lead to dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Differential splicing of G4.5 results in a family of proteins called "tafazzins" with homology to acyltransferases. These enzymes assemble fatty acids into membrane lipids. We sequenced G4.5 in two kindreds with X-linked DCM and in two unrelated men, one with idiopathic DCM and the other(More)
The effects of parenteral L-carnitine supplementation on fat metabolism, nutrient intake, and plasma and erythrocyte carnitine concentrations were studied in 43 very low birth weight infants. Infants were randomly assigned to control or carnitine-supplemented (50 mumol/kg per day) groups within two weight categories: group 1, 750 to 1000 gm, and group 2,(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic defects are being increasingly recognized in the etiology of primary cardiomyopathy (CM). Very-long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (VLCAD) catalyzes the first step in the beta-oxidation spiral of fatty acid metabolism, the crucial pathway for cardiac energy production. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied 37 patients with CM, nonketotic(More)
Elevated 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D concentrations were found in five VLBW infants who developed rickets at two to three months postnatal age or term postconceptual age; 25 hydroxyvitamin D concentrations were low. Bone mineralization was found to be extremely low as measured by infant-adapted direct photon absorptiometry. After treatment with a formula(More)
Twenty-six ankles of 23 patients with seropositive or negative arthritis and 24 ankles of 12 cadavers as a control group were studied by contrast synoviography. The main features in the patients were capsule enlargement, hypertrophic synovitis, and connections to tendon sheaths and to the posterior subtalar joint. None of the controls showed capsule(More)
We determined four carnitine constituents (total and free carnitine and short- and long-chain fatty acid carnitine esters) in serum from 471 patients treated for convulsions with phenobarbital, valproic acid, phenytoin, and/or carbamazepine. The 471 patients were in eight treatment groups; four were treated with monotherapy and four with polytherapy. The(More)
Five placentas from infants with enzymatically diagnosed glycogen storage disease type II (three from midtrimester abortions, two from term deliveries) were studied by light and electron microscopy. On routine histologic examination with hematoxylin and eosin staining, storage cells were identifiable in the connective tissue of the amnion. These cells(More)