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BACKGROUND In cardiac hypertrophy, ECG T-wave changes imply an abnormal sequence of ventricular repolarization. We investigated the hypothesis that this is due to changes in the normal regional differences in action potential duration. We assessed the contribution of potassium- and calcium-dependent currents to these differences. Both the altered sequence(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the properties of single myocytes isolated from different layers of the basal region of the left ventricle and to test the hypothesis that differences in the delayed rectifier current (IK) contribute to regional differences in action potential duration. METHODS Myocytes were isolated from basal sub-endocardial, mid-myocardial and(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy was induced in rats by daily injection of isoproterenol (5 mg/kg ip) for 7 days. Membrane voltage and currents were recorded using the whole cell patch-clamp technique in left ventricular myocytes from control and hypertrophied hearts. Ryanodine-sensitive delayed afterdepolarizations (DADs) and transient inward current (I(ti)) appeared(More)
Major regional differences in the electrical properties of myocytes from ventricular muscle have been described previously, on the basis of samples taken from a maximum of three regions in each heart. In order to define the topographical basis for such differences, we studied the electrical and mechanical properties of single myocytes isolated from 20(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate electrical and mechanical properties of single myocytes isolated from different regions of the left ventricle in control and hypertrophied hearts. METHODS Mild cardiac hypertrophy was induced in guinea-pigs by aortic constriction. Myocytes were isolated from basal sub-endocardial, basal mid-myocardial and apical sub-epicardial(More)
We have demonstrated that a daily injection of isoproterenol (5 mg/kg ip) for 7 days induces a 30% increment in heart weight-to-body weight ratio and prolongs the action potential duration (APD) in male Wistar rats. The underlying mechanism of the prolonged APD was investigated in this model of hypertrophy by measuring the transient outward potassium(More)
Regional differences in action potential characteristics and membrane currents were investigated in subendocardial, midmyocardial and subepicardial myocytes isolated from the left ventricular free wall of guinea-pig hearts. Action potential duration (APD) was dependent on the region of origin of the myocytes (P < 0.01, ANOVA). Mean action potential duration(More)
Horse flies feed from superficial haematomas and probably rely heavily on the pharmacological properties of their saliva to find blood. Here we describe the first evidence of vasodilators in horse fly Hybomitra bimaculata (Diptera, Tabanidae) salivary gland extract and clone and express one of the active peptides (termed vasotab). Physiological tests using(More)
Introduction. Obesity is increasingly common and is associated with an increased prevalence of cardiac arrhythmias. The aim of this study was to see whether in obesity there is proarrhythmic gene expression of ventricular ion channels and related molecules. Methods and Results. Rats were fed on a high-fat diet and compared to control rats on a normal diet(More)