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1. Changes in muscle strength, vastus lateralis fibre characteristics and myosin heavy-chain (MyoHC) gene expression were examined in 48 men and women following 3 weeks of knee immobilization and after 12 weeks of retraining with 1866 eccentric, concentric or mixed contractions. 2. Immobilization reduced eccentric, concentric and isometric strength by 47 %.(More)
Identifying the origin of a biological invasion has important applications to the effective control of the invaders. This is more critical for invasive agricultural pests that cause severe economic losses. The brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys, originally from East Asia, has become a principal agricultural pest in the US since its first(More)
Egg and nymphal development were studied under constant temperatures for the newly introduced pest species, Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Development was assessed at seven constant temperatures (15-35 degrees C). Development to adult was completed at temperatures between 17 and 33 degrees C, with egg hatch also occurring at 15 degrees(More)
Halyomorpha halys is an introduced stink bug species from Asia that is spreading throughout the Mid-Atlantic United States. It is native to South Korea, Japan, and eastern China, where it is an occasional pest of tree fruit, including apple and pear. Cage experiments with adults placed on apple and peach during critical plant growth stages demonstrate that(More)
BACKGROUND Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus (Skuse) is an important disease vector and biting nuisance. During the 2009 active season, six ∼1000-parcel sites were studied, three in urban and three in suburban areas of New Jersey, United States, to examine the efficacy of standard integrated urban mosquito control strategies applied area wide. Active source(More)
BACKGROUND Surveys still show a wide variation in routine use of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis despite its established place in current patient management. This article reviews the mechanism of action, efficacy and complications of stockings in preventing DVT. METHODS Relevant publications indexed in Medline (1966-1998) and the Cochrane database(More)
The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a public health educational campaign to reduce backyard mosquito-larval habitats. Three communities each, within two New Jersey counties, were randomly selected to receive: (1) both education and mosquito control, (2) education only, and (3) no education or mosquito control. Four separate(More)
OBJECTIVE Carotid body tumour (CBT) is a rare but the most common form of head and neck paraganglioma (PGL). We present the biggest ever series on CBT in UK/EU discussing diagnostic challenges, surgical treatment and complications of surgical intervention. METHOD A detailed proforma was designed and sent to all members of Joint Vascular Research Group(More)
BACKGROUND Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) affects approximately 0.7% of pregnancies in the UK and is associated with prematurity, fetal distress, and intrauterine death. Homozygous mutations in the ATP8B1 gene cause cholestasis with a normal serum gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (gamma-GT), and have been reported in two forms of cholestasis:(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the outcome of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in children with renovascular hypertension (RVH) treated at a single centre over 29 years. METHODS A retrospective study of the medical charts of all children with RVH who underwent PTA between 1984 and 2012. The primary outcome measurement was blood pressure (BP) achieved(More)