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The relationship between specific growth rate (mu) and steady-state glucose concentration was investigated for Escherichia coli ML30 in carbon-limited chemostat culture. This was made possible by the development of a method for measuring reducing sugars in culture media in the microgram.1-1-range. Cells initially cultivated in batch culture at high glucose(More)
Escherichia coli fed-batch cultivations at 22 m3 scale were compared to corresponding laboratory scale processes and cultivations using a scale-down reactor furnished with a high-glucose concentration zone to mimic the conditions in a feed zone of the large bioreactor. Formate accumulated in the large reactor, indicating the existence of oxygen limitation(More)
The utilization of mixtures of methanol (C(1)) and glucose (C(6)) of different composition by the methylotrophic yeast Hansenula polymorpha was studied in carbon-limited chemostat culture. For all mixtures tested a similar utilization pattern was observed: At low dilution rates both carbon sources were utilized simultaneously, but at high dilution rates the(More)
In the work reported here, selected aspects of the dynamic behavior of biofilters for waste air treatment have been investigated. Emphasis was placed on transient state elimination of mixtures of methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) and methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK) vapors and on explanation of the observed phenomena. The initial startup, the response of the biofilter(More)
The effect of liquid flow velocity on biofilm development in a membrane-aerated biofilm reactor was investigated both by mathematical modeling and by experiment, using Vibrio natriegens as a test organism and acetate as carbon substrate. It was shown that velocity influenced mass transfer in the diffusion boundary layer, the biomass detachment rate from the(More)
Much more information concerning the biodegradation kinetics of mixtures of common industrial chemicals, such as organic solvents, needs to be gathered before wastewater biotreatment process performance can become a matter of design. Here, the biooxidation of a solvent mixture comprizing methanol, acetone, isopropanol, and methylene chloride is examined.(More)
In Part l, the process utility of a thermotolerant methylotrophic bacterium is evaluated in chemostat culture under conditions where methanol, methanol/formaldehyde mixtures and dual methanol/ammonia limitation occurred. The results show that the bacterium studied was nonfastideous under steady-state operation, in contrast to results obtained in batch(More)
Immobilization of pollutant-degrading microorganisms on oxygen-permeable membranes provides a novel method of increasing the oxidation capacity of wastewater treatment bioreactors. Oxygen mass transfer characteristics during continuous-flow steady-state experiments were investigated for biofilms supported on tubular silicone membranes. An analysis of oxygen(More)