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In Praise of Fault Tolerant Systems " Fault attacks have recently become a serious concern in the smart card industry. " Fault Tolerant Systems " provides the reader with a clear exposition of these attacks and the protection strategies that can be used to thwart them. A must read for practitioners and researchers working in the field. " David Naccache,(More)
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Techniques of fluorescence and ion microscopies were combined to study the free [Ca2+] and total Ca in NIH 3T3 fibroblast and L6 rat myoblast cells. Free Ca2+ measurements with the Ca2+ indicator fura-2 and digital imaging reveal an inhomogeneous distribution of free cytoplasmic Ca2+ in both cell lines. Fura-2 also reveals a difference in free Ca2+ activity(More)
Co-localization of the elements calcium, potassium, sodium and magnesium with sequestering organelles has been achieved by application of two microscopy techniques on the same cell. Organelles were first localized by laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCFM) using fluorescent organelle stains. The same cells were then analyzed for elemental distribution(More)
The office practices of 918 physicians selected through stratified random sampling from the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario (CPSO) registry were assessed by peers and the Peer Assessment Committee of the CPSO from 1981 to 1985. The sample comprised 662 general practitioners (GPs) and family physicians (FPs) and 256 specialists in 11 fields. Of(More)
Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT), a binary treatment modality that can potentially irradiate tumor tissue within cellular dimensions, is critically dependent on the preferential delivery of 10B to individual neoplastic cells. In this study, ion microscopy was used to quantitatively evaluate the selectivity of p-boronophenylalanine-fructose (BPA-F) in(More)
Sample preparation is a critical step in the elemental analysis of animal tissues and cell cultures with ion microscopy. Since live cells cannot be analyzed with ion microscopy, a careful sample fixation is necessary which preserves the native structural and chemical integrity of a specimen. The evaluation of morphological and chemical integrity of a fixed(More)
A short review of recent efforts being made in the quantification of images in ion microscopy is given. Special aspects of instrumentation, detection and acquisition, which are unique to direct imaging secondary ion mass spectrometry, are discussed in relation to the successful application of traditional empirical quantification schemes. Application of such(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that the Golgi apparatus is involved in Ca2+ regulation in renal epithelial LLC-PK1 cells. Laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) was employed to establish that a prominent perinuclear region is occupied mainly by the Golgi apparatus in this cell line. LSCM measurements in individual cells with the ionized Ca2+ indicator(More)