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Three inbred mouse strains, C57BL/6 (H-2b), A/J (H-2a), and BALB/c (H-2d), and 1 outbred strain, CD-1, demonstrated differences in susceptibility to iv challenge with the ANKA clone of Plasmodium berghei. Mice were challenged with 100, 1,000, or 10,000 sporozoites, then evaluated daily beginning on day 4 for patency. CD-1 mice were further evaluated at(More)
F1-V is a recombinant plague antigen comprising the capsular (F1) and virulence-associated (V) proteins. Given intramuscularly with Alhydrogel, it protects mice against challenge, but is less effective in non-human primates against high-dose aerosolized Yersinia pestis challenge, perhaps because it fails to induce respiratory immunity. Intranasal(More)
The immunogenicity of a mucosally delivered subunit influenza vaccine was assessed in mice. Split influenza virus vaccine (sFlu) was formulated with proteosomes (Pr-sFlu), administered intranasally, and the induced immunity was compared with the responses elicited by sFlu alone given either intramuscularly or intranasally. Intranasal (i.n.) immunization(More)
Mice exposed to radiation-attenuated cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni are highly resistant to challenge infection, and sera from these mice can confer partial resistance when transferred to naive recipients. These sera recognize Ag present in schistosomular and adult worms, among them an Ag of 200 kDa. A cDNA encoding a 62-kDa portion of this Ag was cloned;(More)
The mechanisms by which superantigens, such as staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB), contribute to microbial pathogenicity have been poorly defined. The study of such pathogenic processes has been hampered by the lack of an adequate animal model. We utilized a previously described murine chimeric model to determine the cytokines and cell populations that(More)
Immunization with radiation-attenuated malaria sporozoites induces potent cellular immune responses, but the target antigens are unknown and have not previously been elicited by subunit vaccines prepared from the circumsporozoite (CS) protein. A method is described here for inducing protective cell-mediated immunity to sporozoites by immunization with(More)
In cooperation with human heat-inactivated antisera from adults immunized with group C meningococcal polysaccharide, normal human peripheral blood mononuclear cells significantly decreased the viability of group C meningococci (Mgc) in vitro. K lymphocytes (Null cells) and monocytes, (but not T or B lymphocytes) were capable of effecting antibody-dependent(More)
Normal human peripheral blood lymphocytes, monocytes, and granulocytes decreased the viability of Shigella flexneri in vitro in cooperation with heat-inactivated rabbit hyperimmune anti-shigella antisera. Purified K and T lymphocyte populations used before the removal of Fc receptor-bearing cells were effective in this antibody-dependent complement-free(More)
IgA purified from the sera of patients convalescing from disseminated group C meningococcal disease induced human monocyte-mediated anti-meningococcal activity in vitro in the absence of complement. Both IgA- and IgG-dependent activity were directed against the group C meningococcal polysaccharide (Csss) capsule. The amount of IgA that was effective bound(More)
Supernatants of phytohemagglutinin-activated human mononuclear cells stimulated polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) activity against the gram-negative organism Serratia marcescens. In the absence of serum opsonins, when control PMN could not impede bacterial growth, stimulated PMN averaged more than 0.6-log kill of the original bacterial inoculum. In the(More)