George Gomez

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The stimulus integration time of lobster olfactory receptor cells in situ was determined using extracellularly recorded spiking responses from receptor cells and on-line high-resolution measurement of odor square pulses. At a fixed odor concentration, odor steps of 200 ms duration elicited maximum responses; shorter odor steps did not drive the cells to(More)
Progress in our understanding of olfactory receptor physiology has progressed greatly over the past 10 years. It has become clear that many anatomical and molecular features of the peripheral aspect of the olfactory system have remained highly conserved across diverse species. Yet, this structure is responsible for conveying a wide variety of information(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors examined the feasibility of using olfactory receptor neurons from living patients to test whether calcium signaling is altered in a neuronal cell population in bipolar disorder. METHOD Ratiometric fluorescence photomicroscopy was used to assess basal and stimulus-induced changes in intracellular calcium levels in biopsy-derived(More)
Olfactory receptor neurons employ a diversity of signaling mechanisms for transducing and encoding odorant information. The simultaneous activation of subsets of receptor neurons provides a complex pattern of activation in the olfactory bulb that allows for the rapid discrimination of odorant mixtures. While some transduction elements are conserved among(More)
Olfaction is a ubiquitous sensory system found in all terrestrial vertebrates. Birds use olfaction for several important activities such as feeding and mating; thus, understanding bird biology would also require the systematic study olfaction. In addition, the olfactory system has several unique features that are useful for the study of nervous system(More)
To understand avian olfaction, it is important to characterize the peripheral olfactory system of a representative bird species. This study determined the functional properties of olfactory receptor neurons of the chicken olfactory epithelium. Individual neurons were acutely isolated from embryonic day-18 to newborn chicks by dissection and enzymatic(More)
The mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are a family of lysosomal storage diseases resulting in developmental defects and, in some types, mental retardation and other neurological symptoms. To gain insight into the neurological dysfunction in MPS, we examined the morphology of olfactory epithelia (OE) and physiology of olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) in cat(More)
We report a cross-sectional study of olfactory impairment with age based on both odorant-stimulated responses of human olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs) and tests of olfactory threshold sensitivity. A total of 621 OSNs from 440 subjects in 2 age groups of younger (≤ 45 years) and older (≥ 60 years) subjects were investigated using fluorescence intensity(More)
OBJECTIVES The function of human olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) remains incompletely understood, in part because of the difficulty of obtaining viable olfactory tissue for study. During endoscopic sphenoidotomy, a portion of the superior turbinate is often removed to achieve wide and safe access to the sphenoid sinus. The purpose of this study was to(More)
The adult heart responds to contraction demands by hypertrophy, or enlargement, of cardiac myocytes. Adaptive hypertrophy can occur in response to hyperoxic conditions such as exercise, while pathological factors that result in hypoxia ultimately result in heart failure. The difference in the outcomes produced by pathologically versus physiologically(More)