George Giannikopoulos

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INTRODUCTION Although major changes of the immune system have been described in sepsis, it has never been studied whether these may differ in relation to the type of underlying infection or not. This was studied for the first time. METHODS The statuses of the innate and adaptive immune systems were prospectively compared in 505 patients. Whole blood was(More)
Although much information is available for the function of circulating monocytes when signs of sepsis are apparent, little is known for natural killer (NK) cells. NK cells were isolated from 10 healthy controls and from 103 patients with sepsis within the first 24 h from diagnosis. NK cells were stimulated with lipopolysaccharide for cytokine production.(More)
This study explores the role of procalcitonin (PCT) in predicting the outcome of sepsis. In a prospective multicentre observational investigation, blood was sampled within 24 h of onset of sepsis in 1156 hospitalised patients; 234 were in the intensive care unit (ICU) at the point of presentation of sepsis while 922 were not. PCT was estimated in serum by(More)
OBJECTIVES Sepsis-3 definitions generated controversies regarding their general applicability. The Sepsis-3 Task Force outlined the need for validation with emphasis on the quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) score. This was done in a prospective cohort from a different healthcare setting. METHODS Patients with infections and at least two(More)
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of interleukin (IL)-6 are associated with the development of chronic renal disease (CRD). Their impact for sepsis in the field of CRD was investigated. One control cohort of 115 patients with CRD without infection and another case cohort of 198 patients with CRD and sepsis were enrolled. Genotyping at the −174(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS To define whether bacterial translocation occurs over the course of acute edematous pancreatitis and to correlate its presence to the advent of an infection since data in humans are lacking. METHODS Thirty-three patients hospitalized over the period January 2000-January 2001 were subjected to venipuncture at regular time intervals for the(More)
An 80-year-old woman on maintenance hemodialysis therapy developed severe hypercalcemia under vitamin D treatment for secondary hyperparathyroidism. To avoid the toxic calcemic effects, cinacalcet was introduced and the dose of vitamin D was substantially decreased. Cinacalcet targets the calcium-sensing receptor and decreases parathyroid hormone levels(More)
Based on the concept of the individualized nature of sepsis, we investigated the significance of the −251 A/T (rs4073) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of interleukin (IL)-8 in relation to the underlying infection. Genotyping was performed in 479 patients with severe acute pyelonephritis (UTI, n = 146), community-acquired pneumonia (CAP, n = 109),(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Based on former studies in experimental animals on the effect of octreotide on serum and ascitic levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6 in the field of necrotizing pancreatitis, the present study was designed to investigate the effect of octreotide on serum interleukin-6 of patients with acute edematous pancreatitis. (More)
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