George Gerules

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This paper provides a review of recent investigations on the image processing techniques used to match spent bullets and cartridge cases. It is also, to a lesser extent, a review of the statistical methods that are used to judge the uniqueness of fired bullets and spent cartridge cases. We review 2D and 3D imaging techniques as well as many of the(More)
Here, in this paper, we survey work on modularity in Genetic Programming GP. The motivation for modularity was driven by research efforts, as we shall see, to make gp programs smaller and more efficient. In the literature, modularity has commonly used Koza's term, Automatically Defined Functions ADF. But, we shall see, that the modularity concept has(More)
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