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Both exposure duration and concentration determine the lethal consequences of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) released during oil spills. Many factors, such as weathering, tidal transport, and addition of surfactants, can change the composition of individual dissolved compounds and the duration over which an individual is exposed. Conventional(More)
Rapid, on-site, quantitative assessments of dissolved polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were demonstrated for two field applications. The platform, a KinExA Inline Sensor (Sapidyne Instruments), employed the monoclonal anti-PAH antibody, 7B2.3, which has specificity for 3- to 5-ring PAHs. A spatial study was conducted near a dredging site where(More)
Nitroaromatics are common pollutants of soil and groundwater at military installations because of their manufacture, storage, and use at these sites. Long-term monitoring of these pollutants comprise a significant percentage of restoration costs. Further, remediation activities often have to be delayed, while the samples are processed via traditional(More)
In late 1975, it was discovered that a manufacturing facility had not only exposed workers to the chlorinated pesticide, Kepone, but had also severely contaminated the James River estuary. To assess the potential for the public to be exposed to Kepone through the consumption of contaminated seafood, the Commonwealth of Virginia initiated a(More)
The composition and persistence of dissolved polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) released to the water column during oil spills are altered by weathering, tidal transport, and addition of dispersants. Conventional toxicity effect metrics, such as the median lethal concentration (LC50), are inaccurate predictors of mortality from all toxicant exposure(More)
Immunoassays based on monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are highly sensitive for the detection of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and can be employed to determine concentrations in near real-time. A sensitive generic mAb against PAHs, named as 2G8, was developed by a three-step screening procedure. It exhibited nearly uniformly high sensitivity against(More)
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