George G Sheng

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Previous studies have demonstrated that the proapoptotic protein Bax plays an important role in the elevated enterocyte apoptosis that occurs during the intestinal adaptation response to massive small bowel resection (SBR). Additionally, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activation prevents SBR-induced enterocyte apoptosis. The present study aims to(More)
The retinoblastoma protein Rb is critical for the regulation of mammalian cell cycle entry. Hypophosphorylated Rb is considered to be the active form and directs G1 arrest, while hyperphosphorylated Rb permits the transition from G1 to S phase for cell proliferation. Upon stimulation by various growth factors, Rb appears to be phosphorylated by a cascade of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Constitutive expression of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) has been found in 85% of colorectal cancers. Ras mutations are found in 50% of colorectal adenocarcinomas. The aim of this study was to determine the role of COX-2 in ras-induced transformation in rat intestinal epithelial (RIE) cells. METHODS Cell growth was determined by cell counts.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mediated increase in enterocyte proliferation following massive resection is a major mechanism by which the small intestine adapts to the loss of its mucosal surface area. In addition, expression of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21(waf1/cip1) is required for resection-induced enterocyte(More)
Prostaglandins (PG) are produced throughout the gastrointestinal tract and are critical mediators for a complex array of physiologic and pathophysiologic processes in the intestine. Intestinal myofibroblasts, which express cyclooxygenase (COX) and generate PGE(2), play important roles in intestinal epithelial proliferation, differentiation, inflammation,(More)
OBJECTIVE Subclavian vein (SCV) compression in venous thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) has been attributed to various anatomic factors, but a potential role for costochondral degeneration in the underlying first rib has not been previously examined. The purpose of this study was to examine the frequency of costochondral calcification (CC), osteophytic(More)
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