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Disclaimer This document was solely produced by the Advisory Committee for Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention. The posting of this document to our website in no way authorizes approval or adoption of the recommendations by CDC. Following the committee vote on January 4, 2012 to approve these recommendations, HHS and CDC will begin an internal review(More)
in the August issue and Jusko et al. (2008) in the present issue of Environmental Health Perspectives provide additional evidence of adverse health effects in children at blood lead levels (BLLs) < 10 µg/dL—the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) BLL of concern. A surprising feature of the new data in children with BLLs < 10 µg/dL is the(More)
BACKGROUND The hemoglobin threshold at which postoperative red-cell transfusion is warranted is controversial. We conducted a randomized trial to determine whether a higher threshold for blood transfusion would improve recovery in patients who had undergone surgery for hip fracture. METHODS We enrolled 2016 patients who were 50 years of age or older, who(More)
BACKGROUND While previous studies demonstrated contrasting patterns of cancer risk among migrant populations from different ethnic groups in the United States, few studies have focused on the Korean-American population. This study compares cancer incidence rates between Korean-Americans, whites, and blacks in the United States and native Koreans. METHODS(More)
We examined the relation of coffee and alcohol consumption to the risk of coronary heart disease during a six-year period in a cohort of 7705 Japanese men living in Hawaii. The analysis was based on 294 new cases of coronary heart disease. There was a positive association between coffee intake and risk, but it became statistically insignificant when(More)
In a case-control study to investigate whether women who use drugs to induce ovulation are at increased risk of conception of a child with a neural tube defect, 571 women who had a fetus or child with a neural tube defect, 546 women who had a fetus or child with other abnormalities, and 573 women who had an apparently normal fetus or child were questioned(More)
During ten years of follow-up 701 deaths occurred among 8006 45-68-year-old Honolulu Japanese men who were originally examined in 1965-68. Mortality was highest in both the leanest and fattest men and lowest in the fourth quintile of body mass index (BMI). The excess deaths in the top quintile were due primarily to coronary heart disease which was directly(More)
The present study estimates the level of maternal immunoglobulin (Ig) G anti-group B streptococcus (GBS) type III required to protect neonates against early-onset disease (EOD) caused by this pathogen. Levels of maternal serum IgG anti-GBS type III, measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, in 26 case patients (neonates with EOD caused by GBS type III)(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this analysis was to evaluate the impact of several classes of oral antihyperglycemic therapy relative to sulfonylurea monotherapy on all-cause mortality among a cohort of patients with diabetes from the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A retrospective cohort study using data obtained from the(More)
BACKGROUND Blood transfusion might affect long-term mortality by changing immune function and thus potentially increasing the risk of subsequent infections and cancer recurrence. Compared with a restrictive transfusion strategy, a more liberal strategy could reduce cardiac complications by lowering myocardial damage, thereby reducing future deaths from(More)