George G. Malliaras

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In vivo electrophysiological recordings of neuronal circuits are necessary for diagnostic purposes and for brain-machine interfaces. Organic electronic devices constitute a promising candidate because of their mechanical flexibility and biocompatibility. Here we demonstrate the engineering of an organic electrochemical transistor embedded in an ultrathin(More)
Recording from neural networks at the resolution of action potentials is critical for understanding how information is processed in the brain. Here, we address this challenge by developing an organic material-based, ultraconformable, biocompatible and scalable neural interface array (the 'NeuroGrid') that can record both local field potentials(LFPs) and(More)
A family of conjugated polymers with fused structures consisting of three to five thiophene rings and with the same alkyl side chains has been synthesized as a means to understand structure-property relationships. All three polymers showed well-extended conjugation through the polymer backbone. Ionization potentials (IP) ranged from 5.15 to 5.21 eV; these(More)
The ability of organic electrochemical transistors is explored to record human electrophysiological signals of clinical relevance. An organic electrochemical transistor (OECT) that shows a high (>1 mS) transconductance at zero applied gate voltage is used, necessitating only one power supply to bias the drain, while the gate circuit is driven by cutaneous(More)
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The application of transistors based on poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) doped with poly(styrene sulfonic acid) (PEDOT:PSS) in chemical and biological sensing is reviewed. These devices offer enormous potential for facile processing of small, portable, and inexpensive sensors ideally suited for point-of-care analysis. They can be used to detect a wide range(More)
2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag Gmb Organic electronic devices, such as light-emitting diodes, transistors, and solar cells, are attracting enormous interest for low-cost, large-area, mechanically flexible electronics. Recently, a great deal of attention is being paid to the ability of organic semiconductors to conduct ionic in addition to electronic carriers, and(More)
Conducting polymer electrodes are developed on a flexible substrate for electroencephalography applications. These electrodes yield higher quality recordings than dry electrodes made from metal. Their performance is equivalent to commercial gel-assisted electrodes, paving the way for non-invasive, long-term monitoring of the human brain.
We report the fabrication of three dimensional (3D) macroporous scaffolds made from poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) via an ice-templating method. The scaffolds offer tunable pore size and morphology, and are electrochemically active. When a potential is applied to the scaffolds, reversible changes take place in their(More)
Wearable sensors are receiving a great deal of attention as they offer the potential to become a key technological tool for healthcare. In order for this potential to come to fruition, new electroactive materials endowing high performance need to be integrated with textiles. Here we present a simple and reliable technique that allows the patterning of(More)