George Edwin Rottinghaus

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Biogenic amines, such as serotonin and dopamine, can be important in reinforcing associative learning. This function is evident as changes in memory performance with manipulation of either of these signals. In the insects, evidence begins to argue for a common role of dopamine in negatively reinforced memory. In contrast, the role of the serotonergic system(More)
Increased oxidative stress has been implicated in the mechanisms of delayed neuronal cell death (DND) following cerebral ischemic insult. In this study, we investigated whether resveratrol, a polyphenolic antioxidant enriched in grape, may ameliorate ischemia-induced neuron cell death. Mongolian gerbils were divided into three groups, namely, sham control,(More)
OBJECTIVE Daily adult human exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) has been estimated at <1 µg/kg, with virtually complete first-pass conjugation in the liver in primates but not in mice. We measured unconjugated and conjugated BPA levels in serum from adult female rhesus monkeys and adult female mice after oral administration of BPA and compared findings in mice(More)
We determined if soy isoflavones have dose-related estrogenic and methylation effects. Thirty-four healthy premenopausal women were randomized to 40 mg or 140 mg isoflavones daily through one menstrual cycle. Breast specific and systemic estrogenic effects were assessed measuring the estrogenic marker complement (C)3 and changes in cytology, whereas(More)
Adsorption of zearalenone (ZEN), ochratoxin A (OCHRA) and aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) on natural zeolite, clinoptilolite, modified with different amounts of octadecyldimethylbenzyl ammonium (ODMBA) ions was investigated. Results showed that adsorption of hydrophobic ionizable ZEN on unmodified zeolite tuff was very low and that adsorption on organozeolites(More)
The main hydroxamic acid in maize (Zea mays L.) is 2-4-dihydroxy-7-methoxy-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one (DIMBOA). DIMBOA confers resistance to leaf-feeding by several corn borers. Most genes involved in the DIMBOA metabolic pathway are located on the short arm of chromosome 4, and quantitative trait loci (QTLs) involved in maize resistance to leaf-feeding by corn(More)
Increased oxidative stress has been implicated in the mechanisms of excitotoxicity in hippocampus induced by kainic acid (KA), an excitatory glutamate receptor agonist. Resveratrol, a polyphenolic antioxidant compound enriched in grape, is regarded as an important ingredient in red wine to offer cardiovascular and neural protective effects. This study was(More)
Pregnant Charles River CD1 mice were treated with a semipurified extract ofFusarium moniliforme culture containing 0, 12.5, 25, 50 or 100 mg FB1/kg each day orally (diluted in distilled water) between gestational days (GD) 7 and 15 to evaluate the developmental toxicity of FB1. Following sacrifice of dams on GD 18, litters were examined for gross(More)
Trans-resveratrol, present in high concentration in the skin of red grapes and red wine, has a dose-dependent antiproliferative effect in vitro, prevents the formation of mammary tumors, and has been touted as a chemopreventive agent. Based upon in vitro studies demonstrating that trans-resveratrol downregulates the expression of 1) DNA methyltransferases(More)