George E. W. Thörig

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Until recently the alcohol dehydrogenase of Drosophila melanogaster was thought to act only in the first step of primary alcohol oxidation, producing an aldehyde. Instead, acetic acid is the main product of a two-step process. A rapid procedure was developed for the isolation and purification of two allozymes. The thermostability of the purified enzymes was(More)
A new variant of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH 71k) was found in a laboratory stock of Drosophila melanogaster. ADH in this stock had the same electrophoretic mobility as the F variant both on acrylamide and on agar. Activity levels were similar to the levels in F flies at temperatures between 15 and 25 C. But while ADH F enzyme is inactivated rapidly at 40 C,(More)
This study deals with biochemical and metabolic-physiological aspects of the relationship between variation in in vivo alcohol dehydrogenase activity and fitness in larvae homozygous for the alleles Adh71k, AdhF, AdhS, of Drosophila melanogaster, and for the common Adh allele of Drosophila simulans. The Adh genotypes differ in the maximum oxidation rates of(More)
Alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) of Drosophila not only catalyzes the oxidation of ethanol to acetaldehyde, but additionally catalyzes the conversion of this highly toxic product into acetate. This mechanism is demonstrated by using three different methods. After electrophoresis the oxidation of acetaldehyde is shown in an NAD-dependent reaction revealing bands(More)
Four naturally occurring variants of the alcohol dehydrogenase enzyme (ADH; EC 1.1.1.1) from Drosophila melanogaster and D. simulans, with different primary structures, have been subjected to kinetic studies of ethanol oxidation at five temperatures. Two amino acid replacements in the N-terminal region which distinguish the ADH of D. simulans from the three(More)
Acetone formation from propan-2-ol, a saturated secondary alcohol, has been analysed in flies of three different Adh-genotypes of D. melanogaster. The in vivo oxidation of propan-2-ol was mainly mediated through ADH activity. It could be demonstrated that flies homozygous for the Adh71k allele produced more acetone than flies homozygous for AdhF. This(More)
It is shown that the Notch8 deficiency in Drosophila melanogaster affects a number of enzyme activities localized in the mitochondria, such as NADH oxidase (activity of the complete respiratory chain), NADH dehydrogenase (the first step in the respiratory chain before transfer to ubiquinone), Succinate dehydrogenase and α-Glycerophosphate dehydrogenase. The(More)
Illumination by visible light (400 Ix) of cultures containing larvae of Drosophila melanogaster can reduce survival (Bruins et al., Insect Biochemistry 21:535-539, 1991). Here we show that the effect of light depends on the presence of propionic or acetic acid in the food medium. We also show that survival is far more affected by illumination of the yeast(More)
We show that six mapped recessive lethal point mutations of the Notch locus affect mitochondrial enzyme activities: NADH oxidase, NADH dehydrogenase, succinate dehydrogenase and alpha-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase. The mutant N264-40, which has the same morphological and embryological effects as the Notch8 deletion, demonstrates the same biochemical(More)