George E. Stelmach

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Characteristics of control at the shoulder and elbow during nine types of drawing movements were studied in the present work. The task was to repetitively track a template, depicted on a horizontal table, with the index finger at a cyclic frequency of 1.5 Hz. The templates were a circle, four ovals and four lines of different orientations. The wrist was(More)
 If visual feedback is discordant with movement direction, the visuo-motor mapping is disrupted, but can be updated with practice. In this experiment subjects practiced discrete arm movements under conditions of visual feedback rotation. One group was exposed to 10°-step increments of visual feedback rotation up to a total of 90°, a second group to a 90°(More)
Young and elderly subjects performed aiming movements to a visual target with a manipulandum to determine whether the elderly reduce their reliance on visual feedback after extended practice. Reliance on visual feedback was assessed by performance on trials in which the cursor displaying arm movement was unpredictably extinguished. Movements were divided(More)
Fifteen older adults (M = 68 years old) and 15 young adults (M = 23 years old) participated in a speed-accuracy task in which aiming movements were performed on a digitizing tablet to assess movement slowing and variability in older adults. Target-size and movement amplitude influences were analyzed separately to determine if they affected the performance(More)
Pointing accuracy of six human subjects was measured in two blocked conditions where the hand was either never visible (T: target only) or only visible in static position prior to movement onset (H+T: hand+target). It was shown in condition H+T that, viewing the hand prior to movement greatly decreased end-point variability compared with condition T. This(More)
This study assessed the reach to grasp movement and its adaptive response to a perturbation of object size. In blocked trials, subjects (n = 12) were instructed to reach 35 cm to grasp and lift a small- (0.7 cm) or large-diameter (8 cm) cylinder. Under an unconstrained condition (condition 1), no instructions as to the type of grasp to adopt were given.(More)
Numerous authors have reported that elderly persons are more affected than young adults when submitted to reduced or conflicting sensory inputs conditions. These results, however, do not permit to evaluate whether the elderly suffer from a reduced peripheral sensibility or from a deficit in the central integrative mechanisms responsible for configuring the(More)
Younger and older participants performed two-limb coordination patterns of homologous (similar) and nonhomologous (dissimilar) effectors during 1:1 synchronization, according to the in-phase or anti-phase mode. The aim of the study was to examine age-related changes during the production of these basic movement patterns and their relative stability(More)
This experiment investigates movement coordination in Parkinson's disease (PD) subjects. Seventeen PD patients and 12 elderly control subjects performed several handwriting-like tasks on a digitizing writing tablet resting on top of a table in front of the subject. The writing patterns, in increasing order of coordination complexity, were repetitive(More)
Two experiments are reported that examined the act of prehension when subjects were asked to grasp with their thumb and index finger pads an elongated object resting horizontally on a surface and placed at different orientations with respect to the subject. In Experiment 1, the pad opposition preferences were determined for the six angles of orientation(More)