George E. Farrar

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The present studies were designed to determine the effects of 5-HT1A receptor agonists and 5-HT2A/2C and 5-HT3 antagonists on adrenocortical responses to a variety of stress paradigms in conscious male rats. The following stressors were examined: acoustic stress (105 dB for 2 min); foot shock (0.2 mA, five shocks over 5 min); conditioned fear (animals(More)
Double-labeling immunohistochemical studies were performed to discern the morphological relationships between corticotropin-releasing factor-immunoreactive (CRF-ir) perikarya and afferent innervation in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the rat. Attention was focussed on the local innervation by serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT),(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) is generally considered to serve a facilitatory role in the regulation of adrenocortical secretion. Numerous studies have shown that administration of 5-HT1A receptor agonists increases plasma corticosterone (CS) concentrations in rats; however, the mechanism has not been established. Rats were prepared with a cannula implanted above the(More)
Cocaine (COC) has been described as exerting potent stimulatory effects on the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis. In the present study, we investigated the acute and chronic effects of intracerebroventricular and intrahypothalamic injections of COC in rats. Twenty minutes following intracerebroventricular injection of COC (1-100 micrograms),(More)
1. A group of dogs on a standard salmon bread diet with a slowly regenerating anemia were studied. The addition of liver to this diet during a 2 week period promoted a definitely greater regeneration of hemoglobin than did the addition of an amount of inorganic iron which was equivalent to that contained in the added liver. The more effective result(More)
In our earlier studies we have demonstrated that recombinant human interferon-alpha 2A (rHu-IFN-alpha 2A) inhibits hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) secretion following both peripheral and central administration. Furthermore, this effect is antagonized by mu-opioid receptor antagonists, suggesting transduction by this subtype of opioid receptors.(More)
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