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DNA synthesis was evaluated in vitro by measuring incorporation of 3H-thymidine in rat lens following systemic delivery of a cataractogenic dose of selenite. Among early metabolic changes observed in the lenses of rats receiving a single dose of 30 nmol Na2SeO3/g body weight was a 30% decrease in DNA replication in lens epithelium occurring between 6 and 12(More)
BACKGROUND The indications for transfusion have never been evaluated in an adequately sized clinical trial. A pilot study was conducted to plan larger clinical trials. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Hip fracture patients undergoing surgical repair who had postoperative hemoglobin levels less than 10 g per dL were randomly assigned to receive 1) symptomatic(More)
Age-related cataract is a condition characterized by multiple mechanisms and multiple risk factors. The mechanisms that bring about a loss in transparency include oxidation, osmotic stress, and chemical adduct formation. Risk factors for cataract include diabetes, radiation (ultraviolet B, x-ray), certain pharmaceutical substances, certain nutritional(More)
Once roentgenographic changes are apparent, osteonecrosis of the femoral head in the adult generally progresses to osteoarthritis within two to three years. A variety of conservative surgical procedures have been devised to conserve the femoral head with varying success. This study examines the effectiveness of pulsing electromagnetic fields and core(More)
Calcium permeability was significantly increased in lenses from rats 36 h following a single injection of a cataractogenic dose of sodium selenite (30 nmol/g body weight) and this permeability returned to control values by 72 h post-injection (PI). The greater Ca2+ permeability could be partially reversed by incubating lenses in medium containing 2 mM(More)