George David Baxter

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The current study, for which ethical approval was obtained, was designed to assess the extent to which the tenderness or mechanical allodynia observed in delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) might be mediated by large diameter myelinated nerve fibres. Healthy human volunteers were recruited and randomly allocated to one of three groups: Normal-Control,(More)
Anterior knee pain or patellofemoral pain syndrome is commonly encountered by clinicians, but the pathogenesis of this condition is not well understood. While much research has centred around the relationship between vastus medialis and anterior knee pain, little is known about the most lateral of the quadriceps muscle group, vastus lateralis (VL).(More)
Although Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) has become a popular modality in pain management over the past 20 yr, there is still debate over its mechanisms of action and the precise relevance of stimulation parameters to its hypoalgesic effects. Thus, confusion still surrounds the selection of optimal stimulation parameters. Two separate(More)
The aim of the current study, for which ethical approval was obtained, was to assess the hypoalgesic efficacy of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) upon acute stage (72 h) experimentally induced delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). TENS naive subjects (n = 48; 24 male and 24 female) were recruited, screened for relevant pathology and(More)
The effect of acupuncture upon experimentally induced delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) was assessed in a placebo-controlled study under blinded conditions. Volunteers (n = 48; 24 M & 24 F) were randomly allocated to one of four groups: control (20 min rest), placebo (minimal needling at non-acupuncture points), treatment group 1 (acupuncture at classic(More)
The aim of this systematic review was to determine the attitudes and beliefs of doctors to acute low back pain, and the factors that influence these. The review comprised three phases: a methodological assessment of databases (Medline, EMBASE, Psychinfo, BIOSIS, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) identified potential papers;(More)
Epstein-Barr virus-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte clones were shown to be an effective target for their own lysis when incubated in the presence of their specific epitopes but not in the presence of irrelevant epitopes. The mode of cell killing appeared to be by apoptosis and was prevented by previously described inhibitors of the process. Degranulation,(More)
Objective. As evidence of the effectiveness of acupuncture for low back pain (LBP) is inconsistent, we aimed to critically appraise the evidence from relevant systematic reviews. Methods. Systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) concerning acupuncture and LBP were searched in seven databases. Internal validity and external validity of(More)
This study was designed to investigate the putative neurophysiological effects of so-called 'H-wave therapy' (HWT), a form of electrical stimulation, upon conduction latencies in the human superficial radial nerve. Antidromic compound action potentials were recorded from the superficial radial nerve in the dominant forearms of thirty-two healthy human(More)
The hypoalgesic effect of H-wave therapy (HWT) at various frequencies (2-60 Hz) was assessed using a standardised form of the submaximal effort tourniquet technique (SETT). Healthy human volunteers (n = 112; 56 men, 56 women) were required to attend on two occasions; on the first, baseline pain scores were obtained and on the second, 48 h later, subjects(More)