George D. Swanson

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The relationship between arterialized blood lactate concentration [( La-]) and O2 uptake (VO2) was examined during a total of 23 tests by eight subjects. Exercise was on a cycle ergometer with work rate incremented from loadless pedaling to exhaustion as a 50-W/min ramp function. Two different mathematical models were studied. One model employed a log-log(More)
Subjects voluntarily hyperventilated for 10 breaths. A dynamic end-tidal forcing technique manipulated inspired gases to hold end-tidal CO2-O2 tensions at normal values during the voluntary ventilation period and the postvoluntary ventilation recovery period when the subjects returned to spontaneous breathing. Six of the seven subjects studied exhibited a(More)
A computerized prediction-correction scheme has been devised for the control of alveolar gases. First, a model is run off-line to predict the inspiratory gas tensions at each second that should yield the desired alveolar patterns. Second, during the experiment, there is feedback correction based on the deviation of the actual alveolar values from the(More)
A recently developed nonparametric regression technique, called a polynomial smoothing spline, is presented for detecting the ventilatory threshold (VT) and respiratory compensation (RC) points from gas exchange response data taken during an incremental exercise test. This type of curve fitting has the advantage of not requiring investigators to specify, a(More)
Pseudorandom binary sequence (PRBS) exercise tests involve repeated switching between two work rates (WR) according to a computer-generated pattern. This paper presents an approach to analysis of O2 uptake (VO2) in the time domain. First, the autocorrelation function (ACF) of the input WR was recognized to be a triangular-shaped pulse that can be taken to(More)
A mathematical model has been implemented for evaluation of methods for estimating breath-to-breath alveolar gas exchange during exercise in humans. This model includes a homogeneous alveolar gas exchange compartment, a dead space compartment, and tissue spaces for CO2 (alveolar and dead space). The dead space compartment includes a mixing portion(More)
A model abstracts certain features of real systems, which are consistent with the purpose intended for the model. Therefore, models are classified with respect to intended purpose. A structural model predicts behavior based on a hypothetical physiological structure. An empirical model summarizes observed behavior. A functional model attempts to relate(More)
The dynamic response of oxygen uptake (VO2) was investigated with two different cycle ergometer tests in which the work rate changed as a pseudorandom binary sequence (PRBS). One sequence had 15 units, each of 30-s duration for a total of 450 s (PRBS1). The second had 63 units, each of 5-s duration for a total of 315 s (PRBS2). The useful range of(More)