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The human protein MED1 (also known as MBD4) was previously isolated in a two-hybrid screening using the mismatch repair protein MLH1 as a bait, and shown to have homology to bacterial base excision repair DNA N-glycosylases/lyases. To define the mechanisms of action of MED1, we implemented a sensitive glycosylase assay amenable to kinetic analysis. We show(More)
Adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) synthetase has been purified to homogeneity from Escherichia coli. For this purification, a strain of E. coli which was derepressed for AdoMet synthetase and which harbors a plasmid containing the structural gene for AdoMet synthetase was constructed. This strain produces 80-fold more AdoMet synthetase than a wild type E. coli.(More)
Methionine adenosyltransferases (MATs) are the family of enzymes that synthesize the main biological methyl donor, S-adenosylmethionine. The high sequence conservation among catalytic subunits from bacteria and eukarya preserves key residues that control activity and oligomerization, which is reflected in the protein structure. However, structural(More)
The human DNA repair protein MED1 (also known as MBD4) was isolated as an interactor of the mismatch repair protein MLH1 in a yeast two-hybrid screening. MED1 has a tripartite structure with an N-terminal 5-methylcytosine binding domain (MBD), a central region, and a C-terminal catalytic domain with homology to bacterial DNA damage-specific(More)
The sulfate activation locus of Escherichia coli K12 has been cloned by complementation. The genes and gene products of this locus have been characterized by correlating the enzyme activity, complementation patterns, and polypeptides associated with subclones of the cloned DNA. The enzymes of the sulfate activation pathway, ATP sulfurylase (ATP:sulfate(More)
S-adenosylmethionine synthetase (ATP:L-methionine S-adenosyltransferase) catalyzes the only known route of biosynthesis of the primary biological alkylating agent. The internal thermodynamics of the Escherichia coli S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) synthetase catalyzed formation of AdoMet, pyrophosphate (PP(i)), and phosphate (P(i)) from ATP, methionine, and(More)
Enzymes that regulate their activity by modulating an equilibrium of alternate, nonadditive, functionally distinct oligomeric assemblies (morpheeins) constitute a recently described mode of allostery. The oligomeric equilibrium for porphobilinogen synthase (PBGS) consists of high-activity octamers, low-activity hexamers, and two dimer conformations. A(More)
The structure of S-adenosylmethionine synthetase (MAT, ATP:L-methionine S-adenosyltransferase, EC 2.5.1.6.) from Escherichia coli has been determined at 3.0 A resolution by multiple isomorphous replacement using a uranium derivative and the selenomethionine form of the enzyme (SeMAT). The SeMAT data (9 selenomethionine residues out of 383 amino acid(More)
S-Adenosylmethionine synthetase (ATP:l-methionine S-adenosyltransferase, MAT) catalyzes a unique enzymatic reaction that leads to formation of the primary biological alkylating agent. MAT from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Methanococcus jannaschii (MjMAT) is a prototype of the newly discovered archaeal class of MAT proteins that are nearly unrecognizable(More)
The gene encoding methylthioadenosine phosphorylase (MTAP), the initial enzyme in the methionine salvage pathway, is deleted in a variety of human tumors and acts as a tumor suppressor gene in cell culture (Christopher, S. A., Diegelman, P., Porter, C. W., and Kruger, W. D. (2002) Cancer Res. 62, 6639-6644). Overexpression of the polyamine biosynthetic(More)