George D. Markham

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Methionine adenosyltransferases (MATs) are the family of enzymes that synthesize the main biological methyl donor, S-adenosylmethionine. The high sequence conservation among catalytic subunits from bacteria and eukarya preserves key residues that control activity and oligomerization, which is reflected in the protein structure. However, structural(More)
Adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) synthetase has been purified to homogeneity from Escherichia coli. For this purification, a strain of E. coli which was derepressed for AdoMet synthetase and which harbors a plasmid containing the structural gene for AdoMet synthetase was constructed. This strain produces 80-fold more AdoMet synthetase than a wild type E. coli.(More)
The sulfate activation locus of Escherichia coli K12 has been cloned by complementation. The genes and gene products of this locus have been characterized by correlating the enzyme activity, complementation patterns, and polypeptides associated with subclones of the cloned DNA. The enzymes of the sulfate activation pathway, ATP sulfurylase (ATP:sulfate(More)
The human protein MED1 (also known as MBD4) was previously isolated in a two-hybrid screening using the mismatch repair protein MLH1 as a bait, and shown to have homology to bacterial base excision repair DNA N-glycosylases/lyases. To define the mechanisms of action of MED1, we implemented a sensitive glycosylase assay amenable to kinetic analysis. We show(More)
The human DNA repair protein MED1 (also known as MBD4) was isolated as an interactor of the mismatch repair protein MLH1 in a yeast two-hybrid screening. MED1 has a tripartite structure with an N-terminal 5-methylcytosine binding domain (MBD), a central region, and a C-terminal catalytic domain with homology to bacterial DNA damage-specific(More)
S-Adenosylmethionine synthetase (MAT,ATP:L-methionine S-adenosltransferase, EC plays a central metabolic role in all organisms. MAT catalyzes the two-step reaction which synthesizes S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet), pyrophosphate (PPi), and orthophosphate (Pi) from ATP and L-methionine. AdoMet is the primary methyl group donor in biological systems.(More)
The structure of S-adenosylmethionine synthetase (MAT, ATP:L-methionine S-adenosyltransferase, EC from Escherichia coli has been determined at 3.0 A resolution by multiple isomorphous replacement using a uranium derivative and the selenomethionine form of the enzyme (SeMAT). The SeMAT data (9 selenomethionine residues out of 383 amino acid(More)
The gene encoding methylthioadenosine phosphorylase (MTAP), the initial enzyme in the methionine salvage pathway, is deleted in a variety of human tumors and acts as a tumor suppressor gene in cell culture (Christopher, S. A., Diegelman, P., Porter, C. W., and Kruger, W. D. (2002) Cancer Res. 62, 6639-6644). Overexpression of the polyamine biosynthetic(More)
S-Adenosylmethionine synthetase (ATP:l-methionine S-adenosyltransferase, MAT) catalyzes a unique enzymatic reaction that leads to formation of the primary biological alkylating agent. MAT from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Methanococcus jannaschii (MjMAT) is a prototype of the newly discovered archaeal class of MAT proteins that are nearly unrecognizable(More)
Inosine 5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) catalyses the rate-limiting step in guanine nucleotide biosynthesis. IMPDH has an evolutionary conserved CBS subdomain of unknown function. The subdomain can be deleted without impairing the in vitro IMPDH catalytic activity and is the site for mutations associated with human retinitis pigmentosa. A(More)