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Monitoring of posture allocations and activities enables accurate estimation of energy expenditure and may aid in obesity prevention and treatment. At present, accurate devices rely on multiple sensors distributed on the body and thus may be too obtrusive for everyday use. This paper presents a novel wearable sensor, which is capable of very accurate(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Gait speed is commonly used to assess walking ability in persons with stroke. Previous research related to the psychometric properties of gait speed has been conducted primarily with individuals who were able to walk independently and/or were in the later stages of recovery after stroke. The purpose of this research was to examine the(More)
The purpose of current study was to assess postural control and balance self-efficacy in people with fibro-myalgia syndrome [FMS]. Thirty-two females with FMS completed the Activity-specific Balance Confidence Scale, Berg Balance test, NeuroCom Balance Master sensory-organization test, and limits of stability. There was a high prevalence of reported falls(More)
BACKGROUND This study explored the effects of diabetes mellitus (DM) and peripheral neuropathy (PN) on the ability to detect near-threshold postural perturbations. METHODS 83 subjects participated; 32 with type II DM (25 with PN and 7 without PN), 19 with PN without DM, and 32 without DM or PN. Peak acceleration thresholds for detecting anterior platform(More)
Approximately one-third of people who recover from a stroke require some form of assistance to walk. Repetitive task-oriented rehabilitation interventions have been shown to improve motor control and function in people with stroke. Our long-term goal is to design and test an intensive task-oriented intervention that will utilize the two primary components(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Impaired walking ability, balance, and fatigue are common problems for people with multiple sclerosis (MS). The purpose of this case report is to describe the use of plan of care that included locomotor training using both a body weight support (BWS) with a treadmill (TM) and overground walking as well as a virtual reality (VR)-based(More)
Stroke is the leading cause of disability in the United States. It is estimated that 700,000 people in the United States will experience a stroke each year and that there are over 5 million Americans living with a stroke. In this paper we describe a novel methodology for automatic recognition of postures and activities in patients with stroke that may be(More)
Standardized outcome measures (OMs) are a vital part of evidence-based practice. Despite the recognition of the importance of OMs, recent evidence suggests that the use of OMs in clinical practice is limited. Selecting the most appropriate OM enhances clinical practice by (1) identifying and quantifying body function and structure limitations; (2)(More)
Automatic recognition of physical activity and postural allocations such as standing or sitting can be used in behavioral modification programs aimed at minimizing static postures. We have developed and validated a footwear-based physical activity monitor (SmartShoe) that can reliably differentiate between most common postures and activities. In previous(More)
Regaining the ability to walk after a stroke is a major rehabilitation goal. Rehabilitation strategies that are task oriented and intensive can drive cortical reorganization and increase activity levels in people after a stroke. This paper describes a novel, wearable device for use with such rehabilitation strategies. The device is based on the combination(More)