George D. Butler

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In mitochondria, the hydrolytic activity of ATP synthase is regulated by a natural inhibitor protein, IF(1). The binding of IF(1) to ATP synthase depends on pH values, and below neutrality, IF(1) forms a stable complex with the enzyme. Bovine IF(1) has two oligomeric states, dimer and tetramer, depending on pH values. At pH 6.5, where it is active, IF(1)(More)
The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) is an ionotropic glutamate receptor that is important in neurotransmission as well as in processes of synaptic plasticity in the mammalian superior colliculus (SC). Despite the importance of this receptor in synaptic transmission, there is as yet no evidence that demonstrates directly the synaptic localization of(More)
The gene for the electron-transfer protein flavodoxin has been cloned from Megasphaera elsdenii using the polymerase chain reaction. The recombinant gene was sequenced, expressed in an Escherichia coli expression system, and the recombinant protein purified and characterized. With the exception of an additional methionine residue at the N-terminus, the(More)
GABA-containing synaptic terminals in the cat superior colliculus include two varieties of presynaptic dendrite and at least one type of axon terminal with flattened vesicles. These anatomically distinct synaptic profiles probably also mediate different types of inhibition. Whether they are associated with different types of GABA receptor is unknown and one(More)
Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 81(6): 950-953 (1988) ABSTRACT A simple root-warming device maintains the plants' roots at a higher temperature than that at which the rest of the plant is held. This permits the host plant to retain turgor, not wilt, and therefore remain suitable for and attractive to phytophagous insects. The technique was demonstrated in a(More)