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Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) has been touted as a radiologic adjunct to interventional neuraxial procedures where it is imperative to identify vascular compromise during the injection. Transforaminal epidural steroid injections (TFESI) are commonly performed interventions for treating acute and chronic radicular spine pain. We present a case of(More)
OBJECTIVE To report outcomes of intrathecal baclofen (ITB) therapy for spasticity management in a cohort of patients who had received this treatment for at least 10 years. DESIGN A cross-sectional survey and retrospective chart review. SETTING An academic rehabilitation outpatient clinic. PARTICIPANTS Adult patients with spasticity treated with ITB(More)
Brachial plexus avulsion is a rare and debilitating condition frequently associated with severe, intractable neuropathic pain. Interventional treatment modalities include dorsal root entry zone lesioning, stellate ganglion blockade, and neuromodulation such as spinal cord stimulation. We present a case of a 42-year-old woman with a traumatic left upper(More)
Intrathecal baclofen (ITB) therapy is a common treatment used to reduce spasticity due to neurologic disorders and injuries. A variety of factors can increase the difficulty of ITB pump refill. Excess subcutaneous fat overlying the pump, spasticity, suboptimal positioning, pump rotation or inversion, and scar formation over the reservoir fill port can(More)
BACKGROUND Acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) cysts are uncommon causes of shoulder pain. Type 1 ACJ cysts are limited to the ACJ and form in the presence of intact rotator cuff musculature, while type 2 cysts form secondary to biomechanical instability following rotator cuff tear or rupture. CASE PRESENTATION A 36-year-old overweight male with history of(More)
BACKGROUND Conventional dorsal column spinal cord stimulation (SCS) provides less than optimal pain relief for certain pain syndromes and anatomic pain distributions. Practitioners have sought to treat these challenging therapeutic areas with stimulation of alternate intraspinal targets. OBJECTIVE To identify and systematically review the evidence for the(More)
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