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UNLABELLED AIMS OF INVESTIGATION: To quantify the magnitude of putative gender differences in experimental pressure pain threshold (PPT), and to establish the relevance of repeated measurements to any such differences. METHODS Two separate studies were undertaken. A pressure algometer was used in both studies to assess PPT in the first dorsal interosseous(More)
The current study, for which ethical approval was obtained, was designed to assess the extent to which the tenderness or mechanical allodynia observed in delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) might be mediated by large diameter myelinated nerve fibres. Healthy human volunteers were recruited and randomly allocated to one of three groups: Normal-Control,(More)
UNLABELLED This study evaluated the effects of varying frequency, intensity and stimulation site, of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) in an experimental model of pain. In a double-blind design 240 volunteers were randomised to one of six experimental TENS groups, a sham TENS or control (n=30 per group; gender balanced). Two TENS(More)
Objective: Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been promoted for its beneficial effects on tissue healing and pain relief. However, according to the results of in vivo studies, the effectiveness of this modality varies. Our purpose was to assess the putative effects of LLLT on healing using an experimental wound model. Design and Setting: We used a(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the effect of different transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) parameters on nerve conduction in the human superficial radial nerve and on peripheral mechanical pain threshold (MPT) and tactile threshold (TT), and to further the current knowledge of the neurophysiologic effects of TENS. STUDY DESIGN Fifty healthy(More)
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is a popular form of electrostimulation. Despite an extensive research base, there remains no consensus regarding the parameter selection required to achieve maximal hypoalgesic effects. The aim of this double blind, sham-controlled study was to investigate the relative hypoalgesic effects of different TENS(More)
The aim of this review was to investigate current evidence for the type and quality of exercise being offered to chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients, within randomised controlled trials (RCTs), and to assess how treatment outcomes are being measured. A two-fold methodological approach was adopted: a methodological assessment identified RCTs of 'medium' or(More)
Anterior knee pain or patellofemoral pain syndrome is commonly encountered by clinicians, but the pathogenesis of this condition is not well understood. While much research has centred around the relationship between vastus medialis and anterior knee pain, little is known about the most lateral of the quadriceps muscle group, vastus lateralis (VL).(More)
Although Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) has become a popular modality in pain management over the past 20 yr, there is still debate over its mechanisms of action and the precise relevance of stimulation parameters to its hypoalgesic effects. Thus, confusion still surrounds the selection of optimal stimulation parameters. Two separate(More)
The aim of this systematic review was to determine the attitudes and beliefs of doctors to acute low back pain, and the factors that influence these. The review comprised three phases: a methodological assessment of databases (Medline, EMBASE, Psychinfo, BIOSIS, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) identified potential papers;(More)