George Ballantine Chambers

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We studied the effects of lidocaine and tetrodotoxin (TTX) on hypoxic changes in CA1 pyramidal neurons to examine the ionic basis of neuronal damage. Lidocaine (10 and 100 microM) and TTX (6 and 63 nM) delayed and attenuated the hypoxic depolarization and improved recovery of the resting and action potentials after 10 min of hypoxia. Lidocaine (10 and 100(More)
The equine sarcoid, a locally aggressive, fibroblastic skin tumour, is the most common dermatological neoplasm reported in horses; there is no consistently effective therapy. It is widely accepted that bovine papillomavirus (BPV) types 1 and 2 are associated with the pathogenesis of sarcoid disease. Most sarcoids appear to contain detectable viral DNA and(More)
Intracellular recordings, ATP and cytosolic calcium measurements from CA1 pyramidal cells in rat hippocampal slices were used to examine the mechanisms by which temperature alters hypoxic damage. Hypothermia (34 degrees C) preserved ATP (1.7 vs. 0.8 nM/mg) and improved electrophysiologic recovery of the CA1 neurons after hypoxia; 58% of the neurons(More)
1. The effect of sodium influx on anoxic damage was investigated in rat hippocampal slices. Previous experiments demonstrated that a concentration of tetrodotoxin which blocks neuronal transmission protects against anoxic damage. In this study we examined low concentrations of lidocaine (lignocaine; which do not block neuronal transmission), for their(More)
The in vitro rat hippocampal slice was used to study the effect of tetrodotoxin, a sodium channel blocker, on anoxic damage. Tetrodotoxin improved recovery of the evoked population spike after anoxia and reduced the fall in adenosine 5'-triphosphate during anoxia. Electrophysiological responses to perforant pathway stimulation were recorded in the dentate(More)
Since blockers of excitatory transmission have been shown to reduce anoxic and ischemic neuronal damage, augmentation of inhibitory transmission by agents such as midazolam might have a similar protective effect. Rat hippocampal slices were maintained in vitro and used to determine whether and by what mechanism midazolam improves recovery of evoked(More)
A system is described for the automatic collection of small samples of blood from conscious rats. Rats bearing chronic indwelling i.v. catheters were connected via swivels to a multichannel peristaltic pump, solenoid valves and a fraction collector. A microcomputer controlled the operations involved in the removal of blood and its deposition into a fraction(More)
Brain tissue, maintained in vitro, was used to determine whether agents that block calcium entry into neurons can improve the recovery of evoked responses after anoxia. The hippocampus was dissected from a rat brain and sliced perpendicular to its long axis such that its main neuronal circuits remain functional. A pathway in the slice was stimulated(More)
The barbiturate anesthetic thiopental enhances recovery of the evoked population spike recorded from rat hippocampal slices after short periods of anoxia. Thiopental reduces changes in sodium, potassium and calcium but enhances the fall in ATP levels during anoxia. The postsynaptic population spike recorded from the CA1 pyramidal cell region of the slices(More)