Learn More
Investigations into the blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) functional MRI signal have used respiratory challenges with the aim of probing cerebrovascular physiology. Such challenges have altered the inspired partial pressures of either carbon dioxide or oxygen, typically to a fixed and constant level (fixed inspired challenge (FIC)). The resulting(More)
Intracellular responses to hypoxia are coordinated by the von Hippel-Lindau--hypoxia-inducible factor (VHL-HIF) transcriptional system. This study investigated the potential role of the VHL-HIF pathway in human systems-level physiology. Patients diagnosed with Chuvash polycythaemia, a rare disorder in which VHL signalling is specifically impaired, were(More)
The time course of the pulmonary vascular response to hypoxia in humans has not been fully defined. In this investigation, study A was designed to assess the form of the increase in pulmonary vascular tone at the onset of hypoxia and to determine whether a steady plateau ensues over the following approximately 20 min. Twelve volunteers were exposed twice to(More)
Hypoxia is a major cause of pulmonary hypertension. Gene expression activated by the transcription factor hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) is central to this process. The oxygen-sensing iron-dependent dioxygenase enzymes that regulate HIF are highly sensitive to varying iron availability. It is unknown whether iron similarly influences the pulmonary(More)
In healthy humans, changes in cardiac output are commonly accommodated with minimal change in pulmonary artery pressure. Conversely, exposure to hypoxia is associated with substantial increases in pulmonary artery pressure. In this study we used non-invasive measurement of an index of pulmonary artery pressure, the maximum systolic pressure difference(More)
Preprandial aerobic exercise lowers postprandial lipaemia (a risk factor for coronary heart disease); however, the mechanisms responsible are still not clear. The present study investigated whether blood flow to skeletal muscle and/or the liver was increased in the postprandial period after exercise, relative to a control trial, and whether this resulted(More)
Arterial spin labelling allows simultaneous measurement of both the blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) and the cerebral blood flow (CBF) response to changes in neural activity. The addition of a hypercapnia or hyperoxia calibration allows additional quantification of changes in the cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO(2)). In this study we test the(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a growing global problem. Despite mounting evidence of significant co morbidity including musculoskeletal changes, evidenced based non pharmacological management approaches are limited to smoking cessation and pulmonary rehabilitation. Existing evidence suggests manual therapy may be beneficial in the(More)
BACKGROUND The von Hippel-Lindau tumour suppressor protein-hypoxia-inducible factor (VHL-HIF) pathway has attracted widespread medical interest as a transcriptional system controlling cellular responses to hypoxia, yet insights into its role in systemic human physiology remain limited. Chuvash polycythaemia has recently been defined as a new form of(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 is stabilized by hypoxia and iron chelation. We hypothesized that HIF-1 might be involved in pulmonary vascular regulation and that infusion of desferrioxamine over 8 h would consequently mimic hypoxia and elevate pulmonary vascular resistance. In study A, we characterized the pulmonary vascular response to 4 h of isocapnic(More)